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Transzformációs sokk heterogén munkaerőpiacon
[Transformation shock on a heterogeneous labour market]

  • Köllő, János
  • Simonovits, András

    ()

  • Balla, Katalin

A tanulmány a jól ismert Aghion-Blanchard-modell kiterjesztése arra az esetre, amikor a bérek késedelmes alkalmazkodása miatt a kibontakozó magánszektor vállalatai átmenetileg eltérő nyereségességgel, és ezért eltérő ütemben teremtenek munkahelyeket a gazdaság különböző földrajzi vagy foglalkozási szegmenseiben. Két szektort feltételezve megvizsgáljuk a foglalkoztatás, a bérek, az adók és a profitok alakulását a rendszerváltás sokkjának teljes felszívásáig, ami lényegesen hosszabb ideig tart, mint maga az átmenet, azaz az állami szektor lebontása. A működőképesség a munkahelyrombolás ütemétől és a foglalkoztatást érő kezdeti sokkhatástól függ. A működőképes átmeneti pályákat egyidejűleg befolyásolják a segélyek, az adók és az esetleges foglalkoztatási támogatások. Megmutatjuk, hogy létezik olyan támogatási politika, amely nemcsak nagyobb egyenlőséghez vezet, hanem magasabb aggregált foglalkoztatást és összjövedelmet is eredményez. A szubvenció hatása gyors munkahelyrombolás és magas segély (a magyarországihoz hasonló átmenet) esetén a legerősebb. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: J64, P31, H53.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): LIII (2006)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 485-508

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:845
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  1. Castanheira, Micael & Roland, Gérard, 1996. "The Optimal Speed of Transition: A General Equilibrium Analysis," CEPR Discussion Papers 1442, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Brixiova, Zuzana & Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro, 1997. "Private sector development in transition economies," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 241-279, June.
  3. Tito Boeri, 1999. "Transition with Labour Supply," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 274, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  4. Philippe Aghion & Olivier J. Blanchard, 1994. "On the Speed of Transition in Central Europe," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1994, Volume 9, pages 283-330 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Philippe Aghion & Olivier Jean Blanchard, 1994. "On the Speed of Transition Central Europe," NBER Working Papers 4736, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Huber, Peter, 2006. "Regional labor market developments in transition," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3896, The World Bank.
  7. Dewatripont, M & Roland, G, 1992. "The Virtues of Gradualism and Legitimacy in the Transition to a Market Economy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(411), pages 291-300, March.
  8. Phelps, Edmund S, 1994. "Low-Wage Employment Subsidies versus the Welfare State," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 54-58, May.
  9. George A. Akerlof & Andrew K. Rose & Janet L. Yellen & Helga Hessenius, 1991. "East Germany in from the Cold: The Economic Aftermath of Currency Union," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 1-106.
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