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Transzformációs sokk heterogén munkaerőpiacon
[Transformation shock on a heterogeneous labour market]

Author

Listed:
  • Köllő, János

    ()

  • Simonovits, András

    ()

  • Balla, Katalin

Abstract

A tanulmány a jól ismert Aghion-Blanchard-modell kiterjesztése arra az esetre, amikor a bérek késedelmes alkalmazkodása miatt a kibontakozó magánszektor vállalatai átmenetileg eltérő nyereségességgel, és ezért eltérő ütemben teremtenek munkahelyeket a gazdaság különböző földrajzi vagy foglalkozási szegmenseiben. Két szektort feltételezve megvizsgáljuk a foglalkoztatás, a bérek, az adók és a profitok alakulását a rendszerváltás sokkjának teljes felszívásáig, ami lényegesen hosszabb ideig tart, mint maga az átmenet, azaz az állami szektor lebontása. A működőképesség a munkahelyrombolás ütemétől és a foglalkoztatást érő kezdeti sokkhatástól függ. A működőképes átmeneti pályákat egyidejűleg befolyásolják a segélyek, az adók és az esetleges foglalkoztatási támogatások. Megmutatjuk, hogy létezik olyan támogatási politika, amely nemcsak nagyobb egyenlőséghez vezet, hanem magasabb aggregált foglalkoztatást és összjövedelmet is eredményez. A szubvenció hatása gyors munkahelyrombolás és magas segély (a magyarországihoz hasonló átmenet) esetén a legerősebb. Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: J64, P31, H53.

Suggested Citation

  • Köllő, János & Simonovits, András & Balla, Katalin, 2006. "Transzformációs sokk heterogén munkaerőpiacon
    [Transformation shock on a heterogeneous labour market]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(6), pages 485-508.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:845
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Brixiova, Zuzana & Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro, 1997. "Private sector development in transition economies," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 241-279, June.
    2. George A. Akerlof & Andrew K. Rose & Janet L. Yellen & Helga Hessenius, 1991. "East Germany in from the Cold: The Economic Aftermath of Currency Union," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 1-106.
    3. Philippe Aghion & Olivier J. Blanchard, 1994. "On the Speed of Transition in Central Europe," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1994, Volume 9, pages 283-330 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Sandrine Cazes & Alena Nesporova, 2004. "Labour markets in transition: balancing flexibility and security in Central and Eastern Europe," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 91(5), pages 23-54.
    5. Castanheira, Micael & Roland, Gerard, 2000. "The Optimal Speed of Transition: A General Equilibrium Analysis," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 41(1), pages 219-239, February.
    6. Phelps, Edmund S, 1994. "Low-Wage Employment Subsidies versus the Welfare State," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 54-58, May.
    7. Dewatripont, M & Roland, G, 1992. "The Virtues of Gradualism and Legitimacy in the Transition to a Market Economy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(411), pages 291-300, March.
    8. Huber, Peter, 2006. "Regional labor market developments in transition," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3896, The World Bank.
    9. Philippe Aghion & Olivier Jean Blanchard, 1994. "On the Speed of Transition Central Europe," NBER Working Papers 4736, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Tito Boeri, 1999. "Transition with Labour Supply," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 274, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs

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