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A kisvállalkozók foglalkozási mobilitása 1992 és 2001 között
[Employment mobility in small business between 1992 and 2001]

  • Berde, Éva
  • Scharle, Ágota

A gazdasági szerkezetváltás irodalma a kisvállalkozások bővülését a folyamat egyik fő hajtóerejeként mutatja be, ezt azonban a kelet-európai empirikus elemzések kevéssé támasztják alá. Tanulmányunk kiinduló hipotézise szerint az önfoglalkoztatók könnyebben képesek szakmát váltani, mint az alkalmazottak, és ezzel is hozzájárulhattak a gazdasági szerkezetváltás lezajlásához. A KSH munkaerő-felmérésének egyéni szintű adataira támaszkodó elemzésünk eredményei azonban arra utalnak, hogy az általában is alacsony mobilitást mutató magyar munkaerőpiacon az önfoglalkoztatók szakmaváltásának gyakorisága legfeljebb az 1990-es évek legelső éveiben lehetett nagyobb, mint az alkalmazottaké.* Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: J62, J23.

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Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

Volume (Year): LI (2004)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 346-361

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Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:677
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Order Information: Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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  1. Vajda, Ágnes, 1999. "Munkahelyteremtés a mikrovállalkozásokban
    [Job creation in micro enterprises]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(6), pages 530-547.
  2. Aghion, Philippe & Schankerman, Mark, 1999. "Competition, Entry, and the Social Returns to Infrastructure in Transition Economies," CEPR Discussion Papers 2052, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Czakó, Ágnes & Kuczi, Tibor & Lengyel, György & Vajda, Ágnes, 1995. "A kisvállalkozások néhány jellemzője a kilencvenes évek elején
    [Some characteristics of small ventures in the early nineties]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(4), pages 399-419.
  4. Tito Boeri & Christopher J. Flinn, 1999. "Returns to Mobility in the Transition to a Market Economy," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 217, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  5. Wendy Carlin & Saul Estrin & Mark E. Schaffer, 1999. "Measuring Progress in Transition and towards EU Accession. A comparison of manufacturing firms in Poland, Romania and Spain," CERT Discussion Papers 9902, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University.
  6. Bilsen, Valentijn & Konings, Jozef, 1998. "Job Creation, Job Destruction, and Growth of Newly Established, Privatized, and State-Owned Enterprises in Transition Economies: Survey Evidence from Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 429-445, September.
  7. Sorm, Vit & Terrell, Katherine, 2000. "Sectoral Restructuring and Labor Mobility: A Comparative Look at the Czech Republic," IZA Discussion Papers 111, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Sandrine CAZES & Alena NESPOROVA, 2001. "Labour market flexibility in the transition countries: How much is too much?," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 140(3), pages 293-325, 09.
  9. Scharle, Ágota, 2000. "Önfoglalkoztatás, munkanélküliség és családi kisvállalkozások Magyarországon
    [Self-employment, unemployment and small family firms in Hungary]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(3), pages 250-274.
  10. Philippe Aghion & Mark Schankerman, 1999. "Competition, entry and the social returns to infrastructure in transition economies," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 7(1), pages 79-101, March.
  11. Earle, John S. & Sakova, Zuzana, 2000. "Business start-ups or disguised unemployment? Evidence on the character of self-employment from transition economies," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 575-601, September.
  12. Karsai, Judit, 2002. "Mit keres az állam a kockázatitőke-piacon?. A kockázati tőke állami finanszírozása Magyarországon
    [What business does the state have on venture-capital markets?. State funding of risk capital in Hu
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(11), pages 928-942.
  13. Frydman, Roman & Gray, Cheryl & Hessel, Marek & Rapaczynski, Andrzej, 1997. "Private Ownership and Corporate Performance: Some Lessons from Transition Economies," Working Papers 97-28, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
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