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Idő és pénz a gyermeknevelésben Magyarországon, 1993-2010
[Time and money in raising children in Hungary, 1993-2010]

Author

Listed:
  • Kertesi, Gábor
  • Kézdi, Gábor
  • Hajdu, Tamás

Abstract

Tanulmányunk a KSH időmérleg-felméréseinek és háztartási költségvetési adatfelvételeinek segítségével vizsgálja a gyermekes családok körében tapasztalható időfelhasználási és kiadási mintázatok jellegzetes társadalmi különbségeit és azok időbeli alakulását. Eredményeink szerint a magasabb iskolai végzettségű családok többet költenek készségfejlesztő eszközökre és szolgáltatásokra, mint az alacsony iskolázottságú szülőkkel rendelkező családok. Emellett a magasabb iskolai végzettségű anyák és apák több időt is fordítanak gyermekgondozásra és a gyermekeik készségeit közvetlenül vagy közvetve fejlesztő tevékenységekre, mint az alacsonyabb iskolázottságú szülők. A különbségek igen jelentősek. A felsőfokú végzettségű anyával és apával rendelkező kétgyermekes családok éves szinten átlagosan 350 órával többet töltenek gyermekgondozási tevékenységgel és 400 ezer forinttal többet költenek készségfejlesztő kiadásokra, mint a két középfokú végzettségű szülős családok. A keresztmetszeti különbségek mellett jelentős időbeli változásokat is látunk. A rendszerváltás utáni két évtizedben a gyermekekre fordított időben és a készségfejlesztő kiadásokban mért társadalmi különbségek növekedtek.* Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) kód: J13, J22.

Suggested Citation

  • Kertesi, Gábor & Kézdi, Gábor & Hajdu, Tamás, 2022. "Idő és pénz a gyermeknevelésben Magyarországon, 1993-2010 [Time and money in raising children in Hungary, 1993-2010]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(11), pages 1255-1297.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:2082
    DOI: 10.18414/KSZ.2022.11.1255
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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