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Academics’ entrepreneurship propensities and gender differences

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  • Rajeev Goel

    ()

  • Devrim Göktepe-Hultén

    ()

  • Rati Ram

    ()

Abstract

Using survey data from a large public research organization, this study examines entrepreneurship propensities of academic researchers, focusing on gender differences. Although sample means of female and male propensities toward entrepreneurship are fairly similar, regression estimates show significant gender differences in the association of several factors with propensities to start businesses. In particular, prior record of researchers’ patenting and institutional leadership promote tendencies towards entrepreneurship among male researchers, but not among female researchers. Also, unlike the male scientists, doctoral degrees and preference for open access of research results do not significantly influence the entrepreneurial attitudes of female researchers. The results for the full sample are similar to those for the male subsample, with a negative coefficient on the variable identifying females. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA) 2015

Suggested Citation

  • Rajeev Goel & Devrim Göktepe-Hultén & Rati Ram, 2015. "Academics’ entrepreneurship propensities and gender differences," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 40(1), pages 161-177, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:40:y:2015:i:1:p:161-177
    DOI: 10.1007/s10961-014-9372-9
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dirk Dohse & Rajeev K. Goel & Michael A. Nelson, 2019. "Female owners versus female managers: Who is better at introducing innovations?," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 44(2), pages 520-539, April.
    2. Carolin Bock & Alexander Huber & Svenja Jarchow, 2018. "Growth factors of research-based spin-offs and the role of venture capital investing," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 43(5), pages 1375-1409, October.
    3. Maria Abreu & Vadim Grinevich, 2017. "Gender patterns in academic entrepreneurship," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 42(4), pages 763-794, August.
    4. Rajeev K. Goel, 2018. "Foreign direct investment and entrepreneurship: gender differences across international economic freedom and taxation," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 50(4), pages 887-897, April.
    5. Rajeev K. Goel & Devrim Göktepe-Hultén, 2018. "What drives academic patentees to bypass TTOs? Evidence from a large public research organisation," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 240-258, February.
    6. Francisco Javier Miranda & Antonio Chamorro & Sergio Rubio, 2018. "Re-thinking university spin-off: a critical literature review and a research agenda," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 43(4), pages 1007-1038, August.
    7. Gicheva, Dora & Link, Albert, 2015. "The Gender Gap in Federal and Private Support for Entrepreneurship," UNCG Economics Working Papers 15-5, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics.
    8. Glenda Kruss & Mariette Visser, 2017. "Putting university–industry interaction into perspective: a differentiated view from inside South African universities," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 42(4), pages 884-908, August.
    9. Rajeev K. Goel & Devrim Göktepe-Hultén, 2019. "Risk attitudes, patenting and invention disclosures by academic researchers," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 44(1), pages 155-166, February.
    10. Supriya Munshaw & Soo-Hoon Lee & Phillip H. Phan & Kieren A. Marr, 2019. "The influence of human capital and perceived university support on patent applications of biomedical investigators," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 44(4), pages 1216-1235, August.
    11. Rajeev K. Goel & Devrim Göktepe-Hultén, 2020. "Drivers of innovation productivity of academic researchers through career advancement," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 414-429, April.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Academic; Entrepreneurship; Patent; Gender; Germany; O31; O33; L30;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • L30 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - General

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