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The Opposition between Two Models of Labour Market Adjustment: The Case of Audiovisual and Performing Arts Activities in France and Great Britain over a Ten Year Period

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  • Françoise Benhamou

Abstract

The growth of employment in audiovisual andperforming arts activities during a ten year period(1981–1992) in France and in Great Britain was theresult of a double tendency: An increasing number ofindividuals with cultural occupations working incultural industries and structural changes in thelabour market (more flexible workforce, increasingfragmentation of work opportunities). Qualitativedifferences emerged between both countries, leading totwo different forms of flexibility. Full timeemployment decreased in France, while it increased inGreat Britain with, during the same period, aconsiderable growth of self-employment.This paper explores different hypotheses forexplaining such a divergence. It concedes that thestrategies of organisations, and especially the risingnumber of adhocracies (according to Mintzberg'stypology) rather the choices of workers trying tooptimise their earnings were responsible. Publicpolicies played also a central role. In Great Britainthe Enterprise Allowance Scheme, and in France, thespecific Social Security benefit for artistscontributed to the increase in self employment in thefirst case, and in temporary employment in the othercase. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Suggested Citation

  • Françoise Benhamou, 2000. "The Opposition between Two Models of Labour Market Adjustment: The Case of Audiovisual and Performing Arts Activities in France and Great Britain over a Ten Year Period," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 24(4), pages 301-319, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jculte:v:24:y:2000:i:4:p:301-319
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1007660228755
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Parsons, Donald O., 1987. "The employment relationship: Job attachment, work effort, and the nature of contracts," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 14, pages 789-848 Elsevier.
    2. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1979. "Job Matching and the Theory of Turnover," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 972-990, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. van der Ploeg, Frederick, 2006. "The Making of Cultural Policy: A European Perspective," Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture, Elsevier.
    2. Wojdyło-Preisner Monika & Zawadzki Kamil, 2015. "Specificity Of Long-Term Unemployment Risk Among Creative Economy Workers / Specyfika Ryzyka Długookresowego Bezrobocia Wśród Pracowników Ekonomii Kreatywnej," Comparative Economic Research, De Gruyter Open, vol. 18(3), pages 37-58, August.
    3. Björn Frank, 2008. "Location decisions in a changing labour market environment," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 28(1), pages 31-42, February.
    4. Haak, Carroll, 2005. "Künstler zwischen selbständiger und abhängiger Erwerbsarbeit," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2005-107, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).

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