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Managerial Ownership and Agency Cost: Evidence from Bangladesh

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  • Afzalur Rashid

    (University of Southern Queensland)

Abstract

This study examines the influence of managerial ownership on firm agency costs among listed firms in Bangladesh. This is an institutional setting that features a mixture of agency costs. This institutional setting has a concentration of ownership by managers, but the firms are not solely owned by managers. The extant literature suggests that the sacrifice of wealth by the principal and potential costs associated with monitoring the agents is known as the agency cost. This study uses three measures of agency cost: the ‘expense ratio’, the ‘Q-free cash flow interaction’, and the ‘asset utilisation ratio’. The finding of the study is that managerial ownership reduces the firm agency cost only under the ‘asset utilisation ratio’ measure of agency cost; this is robust with regard to a number of robustness tests. Furthermore, the non-linearity tests suggest that the convergence of interest is evident with very high and low levels of managerial ownership. The entrenchment effect by the owners is evident at moderate levels of managerial ownership. Although there has been great scepticism among management researchers on the validity of agency theory, overall, the findings of this study do not reject the validity of agency theory. Given that the entrenchment by managers is evident at certain levels of ownership and that the agency problem may still exist between insiders and outsiders, legislative guidelines for controlling share ownership may be required.

Suggested Citation

  • Afzalur Rashid, 2016. "Managerial Ownership and Agency Cost: Evidence from Bangladesh," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 137(3), pages 609-621, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jbuset:v:137:y:2016:i:3:d:10.1007_s10551-015-2570-z
    DOI: 10.1007/s10551-015-2570-z
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    2. Marina Klaèmer Èalopa & Ivana Ðunðek Kokotec & Karolina Kokot, 2020. "Impact of board size and ownership concentration on agency costs: evidence for Croatian companies," Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci/Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Economics, vol. 38(2), pages 521-535.
    3. Saleh F.A. Khatib & Dewi Fariha Abdullah & Ali Shariff Kabara & Saddam A. Hazaea & Tamil Selvi Rajoo, 2020. "Does Debts have any Impact on Governance Bundle and Agency Costs? Over-Governance Hypothesis," Technium Social Sciences Journal, Technium Science, vol. 9(1), pages 384-396, July.
    4. Bian, Wenlong & Ji, Yang & Zhang, Hao, 2019. "Does dialect similarity add value to banks? Evidence from China," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 226-241.
    5. Muhammad Farhan Basheer* & Waeibrorheem Waemustafa & Aref Abdullah Ahmad, 2018. "The Paradox of Managerial Ownership and Financial Decisions of the Textile Sector: An Asian Market Perspective," The Journal of Social Sciences Research, Academic Research Publishing Group, pages 184-190:4.
    6. Quazi Nur Alam & Janifar Alam & Susmita Dev Burman & Md. Tanvirul Hoque, 2020. "Impact of Debt Capital on Firm’s Performance:A Study on the Textile Companies Listed in Dhaka Stock Exchange Limited (DSE)," International Journal of Science and Business, IJSAB International, vol. 4(12), pages 106-114.
    7. Peng Xu & Heng Zhang & Guiyu Bai, 2019. "Research on the Differentiated Impact Mechanism of Parent Company Shareholding and Managerial Ownership on Subsidiary Responsive Innovation: Empirical Analysis Based on ‘Principal–Agent’ Framework," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(19), pages 1-17, September.
    8. Azmi, Wajahat & Anwer, Zaheer & Mohamad, Shamsher & Shah, Mohamed Eskandar, 2019. "The substitution hypothesis of agency conflicts: Evidence on Shariah compliant equities," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 90-103.
    9. Henry Kimathi Mukaria & Mirie Mwangi & Duncan Elly Ochieng & Kennedy Okiro, 2020. "Mediating Effect of Agency Cost on the Relationship between Ownership Structure and Firm Value," Journal of Finance and Investment Analysis, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 9(3), pages 1-3.
    10. Henry Kimathi Mukaria, 2020. "Managerial Shareholding, Asset Utilization Efficiency and Shareholders Wealth: A Structural Equation Model Analysis," International Journal of Applied Economics, Finance and Accounting, Online Academic Press, vol. 7(1), pages 32-38.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Agency theory; Agency cost; Bangladesh; Control; Corporate governance; Stewardship theory;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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