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Capital structure and corporate governance quality: Evidence from the Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS)

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  • Jiraporn, Pornsit
  • Kim, Jang-Chul
  • Kim, Young Sang
  • Kitsabunnarat, Pattanaporn

Abstract

Grounded in agency theory, this study explores how capital structure is influenced by aggregate corporate governance quality. We measure governance quality using broad-based comprehensive governance metrics provided by the Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS). The empirical evidence reveals a robust inverse association between leverage and governance quality. Firms with poor governance are significantly more leveraged. It appears that leverage substitutes for corporate governance in alleviating agency conflicts. Further, we utilize empirical methods that control for endogeneity and show that poor governance quality likely brings about, and does not merely reflect, higher leverage. Our results are important as they show that the overall quality of corporate governance has a material impact on critical corporate decisions such as capital structure choices.

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  • Jiraporn, Pornsit & Kim, Jang-Chul & Kim, Young Sang & Kitsabunnarat, Pattanaporn, 2012. "Capital structure and corporate governance quality: Evidence from the Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS)," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 208-221.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:reveco:v:22:y:2012:i:1:p:208-221
    DOI: 10.1016/j.iref.2011.10.014
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    Cited by:

    1. Alves, Paulo & Couto, Eduardo Barbosa & Francisco, Paulo Morais, 2015. "Board of directors’ composition and capital structure," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 1-32.
    2. Lee, Cheng-Few & Kuo, Nan-Ting, 2014. "Effects of ultimate ownership structure and corporate tax on capital structures: Evidence from Taiwan," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 409-425.
    3. Chintrakarn, Pandej & Jiraporn, Pornsit & Kim, J.C., 2013. "The effect of corporate governance on CEO luck: Evidence from the Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS)," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 169-174.
    4. González, Víctor M. & González, Francisco, 2014. "Banking liberalization and firms' debt structure: International evidence," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 466-482.
    5. Alves, Paulo & Couto, Eduardo & Francisco, Paulo, 2014. "Board of directors’ composition and financing choices," MPRA Paper 52973, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2014.
    6. Nguyen, Tuan & Locke, Stuart & Reddy, Krishna, 2015. "Does boardroom gender diversity matter? Evidence from a transitional economy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 184-202.
    7. Chang, Ya-Kai & Chen, Yu-Lun & Chou, Robin K. & Huang, Tai-Hsin, 2015. "Corporate governance, product market competition and dynamic capital structure," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 44-55.
    8. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:689-709 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Chang, Ya-Kai & Chou, Robin K. & Huang, Tai-Hsin, 2014. "Corporate governance and the dynamics of capital structure: New evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 374-385.
    10. Prommin, Panu & Jumreornvong, Seksak & Jiraporn, Pornsit, 2014. "The effect of corporate governance on stock liquidity: The case of Thailand," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 132-142.
    11. Ahmed Sultan Bin-Sariman & Azwadi Ali & Mohd Nazli Mohd Nor, 2016. "Board of directors' quality and firms' debt financing: the moderating effect of insider ownership - evidence from Omani firms," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(5), pages 402-410, January.
    12. Thomas O'Connor & Thomas Flavin, 2013. "The Effects of Ownership Structure on Corporate Financing Decisions: Evidence from Stock Market Liberalization," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 13(3), pages 383-405, September.
    13. Cueto, Diego C., 2013. "Substitutability and complementarity of corporate governance mechanisms in Latin America," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 310-325.
    14. Hayat, Raphie & Kabir Hassan, M., 2017. "Does an Islamic label indicate good corporate governance?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 159-174.
    15. Lai, Jung-Ho & Chen, Li-Yu, 2014. "The valuation effect of corporate governance on stakeholder wealth: Evidence from strategic alliances," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 117-131.
    16. González, Víctor M., 2013. "Leverage and corporate performance: International evidence," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 169-184.
    17. Dutta, Shantanu & Saadi, Samir & Zhu, PengCheng, 2013. "Does payment method matter in cross-border acquisitions?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 91-107.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital structure; Corporate governance; Agency costs; Leverage;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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