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Daily volatility forecasts: reassessing the performance of GARCH models

Author

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  • Alan E. H. Speight

    (Department of Economics, University of Wales, Swansea, UK)

  • David G. McMillan

    (Department of Economics and Finance, University of Durham, UK)

Abstract

Volatility plays a key role in asset and portfolio management and derivatives pricing. As such, accurate measures and good forecasts of volatility are crucial for the implementation and evaluation of asset and derivative pricing models in addition to trading and hedging strategies. However, whilst GARCH models are able to capture the observed clustering effect in asset price volatility in-sample, they appear to provide relatively poor out-of-sample forecasts. Recent research has suggested that this relative failure of GARCH models arises not from a failure of the model but a failure to specify correctly the 'true volatility' measure against which forecasting performance is measured. It is argued that the standard approach of using ex post daily squared returns as the measure of 'true volatility' includes a large noisy component. An alternative measure for 'true volatility' has therefore been suggested, based upon the cumulative squared returns from intra-day data. This paper implements that technique and reports that, in a dataset of 17 daily exchange rate series, the GARCH model outperforms smoothing and moving average techniques which have been previously identified as providing superior volatility forecasts. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Alan E. H. Speight & David G. McMillan, 2004. "Daily volatility forecasts: reassessing the performance of GARCH models," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(6), pages 449-460.
  • Handle: RePEc:jof:jforec:v:23:y:2004:i:6:p:449-460
    DOI: 10.1002/for.926
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/for.926
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Liu, Hung-Chun & Chiang, Shu-Mei & Cheng, Nick Ying-Pin, 2012. "Forecasting the volatility of S&P depositary receipts using GARCH-type models under intraday range-based and return-based proxy measures," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 78-91.
    2. repec:eee:phsmap:v:501:y:2018:i:c:p:78-85 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Wei Liu & Bruce Morley, 2009. "Volatility Forecasting in the Hang Seng Index using the GARCH Approach," Asia-Pacific Financial Markets, Springer;Japanese Association of Financial Economics and Engineering, vol. 16(1), pages 51-63, March.
    4. Twm Evans & David McMillan, 2007. "Volatility forecasts: the role of asymmetric and long-memory dynamics and regional evidence," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(17), pages 1421-1430.
    5. Tseng, Chih-Hsiung & Cheng, Sheng-Tzong & Wang, Yi-Hsien & Peng, Jin-Tang, 2008. "Artificial neural network model of the hybrid EGARCH volatility of the Taiwan stock index option prices," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 387(13), pages 3192-3200.
    6. McMillan, David G. & Kambouroudis, Dimos, 2009. "Are RiskMetrics forecasts good enough? Evidence from 31 stock markets," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 117-124, June.
    7. Matei, Marius, 2010. "Risk analysis in the evaluation of the international investment opportunities. Advances in modelling and forecasting volatility for risk assessment purposes," Working Papers of Institute for Economic Forecasting 100201, Institute for Economic Forecasting.
    8. Kambouroudis, Dimos S. & McMillan, David G., 2015. "Is there an ideal in-sample length for forecasting volatility?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 114-137.
    9. repec:nax:conyad:v:62:y:2017:i:4:p:1063-1080 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Anders Wilhelmsson, 2006. "Garch forecasting performance under different distribution assumptions," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(8), pages 561-578.

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