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Evaluating Volatility Forecasts in Option Pricing in the Context of a Simulated Options Market

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  • Xekalaki, Evdokia
  • Degiannakis, Stavros

Abstract

The performance of an ARCH model selection algorithm based on the standardized prediction error criterion (SPEC) is evaluated. The evaluation of the algorithm is performed by comparing different volatility forecasts in option pricing through the simulation of an options market. Traders employing the SPEC model selection algorithm use the model with the lowest sum of squared standardized one-step-ahead prediction errors for obtaining their volatility forecast. The cumulative profits of the participants in pricing one-day index straddle options always using variance forecasts obtained by GARCH, EGARCH and TARCH models are compared to those made by the participants using variance forecasts obtained by models suggested by the SPEC algorithm. The straddles are priced on the Standard and Poor 500 (S & P 500) index. It is concluded that traders, who base their selection of an ARCH model on the SPEC algorithm, achieve higher profits than those, who use only a single ARCH model. Moreover, the SPEC algorithm is compared with other criteria of model selection that measure the ability of the ARCH models to forecast the realized intra-day volatility. In this case too, the SPEC algorithm users achieve the highest returns. Thus, the SPEC model selection method appears to be a useful tool in selecting the appropriate model for estimating future volatility in pricing derivatives.

Suggested Citation

  • Xekalaki, Evdokia & Degiannakis, Stavros, 2005. "Evaluating Volatility Forecasts in Option Pricing in the Context of a Simulated Options Market," MPRA Paper 80468, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:80468
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    Cited by:

    1. Stavros Degiannakis & Evdokia Xekalaki, 2008. "SPEC model selection algorithm for ARCH models: an options pricing evaluation framework," Applied Financial Economics Letters, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 4(6), pages 419-423.
    2. Miazhynskaia, Tatiana & Fruhwirth-Schnatter, Sylvia & Dorffner, Georg, 2006. "Bayesian testing for non-linearity in volatility modeling," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 2029-2042, December.
    3. Stavros Degiannakis & Evdokia Xekalaki, 2007. "Assessing the performance of a prediction error criterion model selection algorithm in the context of ARCH models," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(2), pages 149-171.
    4. Vasilios Sogiakas, 2017. "Option trading for optimizing volatility forecasting," Journal of Statistical and Econometric Methods, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 6(3), pages 1-3.
    5. Stavros Degiannakis & Evdokia Xekalaki, 2007. "Simulated evidence on the distribution of the standardized one-step-ahead prediction errors in ARCH processes," Applied Financial Economics Letters, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 3(1), pages 31-37, January.
    6. Stavros Degiannakis & Alexandra Livada, 2016. "Evaluation of realized volatility predictions from models with leptokurtically and asymmetrically distributed forecast errors," Journal of Applied Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(5), pages 871-892, April.
    7. Degiannakis, Stavros, 2017. "The one-trading-day-ahead forecast errors of intra-day realized volatility," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 1298-1314.
    8. Angelidis, Timotheos & Degiannakis, Stavros, 2008. "Volatility forecasting: intra-day vs. inter-day models," MPRA Paper 80434, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Degiannakis, Stavros & Filis, George, 2017. "Forecasting oil price realized volatility using information channels from other asset classes," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 28-49.
    10. Andrada-Félix, Julián & Fernández-Rodríguez, Fernando & Fuertes, Ana-Maria, 2016. "Combining nearest neighbor predictions and model-based predictions of realized variance: Does it pay?," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 695-715.
    11. Degiannakis, Stavros, 2018. "Multiple days ahead realized volatility forecasting: Single, combined and average forecasts," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 41-61.
    12. Borovkova, Svetlana & Permana, Ferry J., 2009. "Implied volatility in oil markets," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 53(6), pages 2022-2039, April.
    13. Angelidis, Timotheos & Degiannakis, Stavros, 2008. "Volatility forecasting: Intra-day versus inter-day models," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 449-465, December.
    14. Ane, Thierry, 2006. "An analysis of the flexibility of Asymmetric Power GARCH models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 1293-1311, November.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    ARCH models; Forecast Volatility; Model selection; Predictability; Standardized Prediction Error Criterion; Option Pricing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation

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