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Hong Kong’s Approach to Financial Stability


  • Dong He

    (Hong Kong Monetary Authority and Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research)


This article summarizes the characteristics of Hong Kong’s approach to financial stability. It starts with an introduction to the macroeconomic policy setting and with a conceptual discussion on why financial cycles are likely to be an intrinsic feature of market economies. It then outlines the author’s interpretation of the regulatory and supervisory philosophy in Hong Kong and describes in more detail the framework and conduct of macroprudential policies regarding housing market risks. The financial policy framework in Hong Kong emphasizes the importance of limiting the degree of leverage on the balance sheets of both the private and public sectors so that households, firms, and the government can weather financial cycles. Hong Kong’s approach to financial stability therefore has two broad elements: first, macroprudential measures to lean against credit growth and the buildup of leverage in the upswing phases of financial cycles; and secondly, contingency planning and stress testing to ensure that participants in the financial system would be able to survive as going concerns in the downswing phases of financial cycles.

Suggested Citation

  • Dong He, 2013. "Hong Kong’s Approach to Financial Stability," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 9(1), pages 299-313, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ijc:ijcjou:y:2013:q:1:a:12

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2009. "Varieties of Crises and Their Dates," Introductory Chapters,in: This Time Is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly Princeton University Press.
    2. Frank Leung & Kevin Chow & Gaofeng Han, 2008. "Long-term and Short-term Determinants of Property Prices in Hong Kong," Working Papers 0815, Hong Kong Monetary Authority.
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    Cited by:

    1. Forbes, Kristin & Fratzscher, Marcel & Straub, Roland, 2015. "Capital-flow management measures: What are they good for?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(S1), pages 76-97.
    2. Aikman, David & Haldane, Andrew & Hinterschweiger, Marc & Kapadia, Sujit, 2018. "Rethinking financial stability," Bank of England working papers 712, Bank of England.
    3. He, D., 2014. "The effects of macroprudential policies on housing market risks: evidence from Hong Kong," Financial Stability Review, Banque de France, issue 18, pages 105-120, April.
    4. Kwan, Yum K. & Leung, Charles Ka Yui & Dong, Jinyue, 2015. "Comparing consumption-based asset pricing models: The case of an Asian city," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 18-41.
    5. Klingelhöfer, Jan & Sun, Rongrong, 2017. "Macroprudential Policy, Central Banks and Financial Stability: Evidence from China," MPRA Paper 79033, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Caralis, George & Diakoulaki, Danae & Yang, Peijin & Gao, Zhiqiu & Zervos, Arthouros & Rados, Kostas, 2014. "Profitability of wind energy investments in China using a Monte Carlo approach for the treatment of uncertainties," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 224-236.
    7. Abdullah Yavas, 2013. "Asset Price Bubbles and Monetary Policy," Working Papers 102013, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    8. Kristin Forbes & Marcel Fratzscher & Roland Straub, 2013. "Capital Controls and Macroprudential Measures: What Are They Good For?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1343, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation


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