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Desigualdad en la distribución de la renta, políticas impositivas y crecimiento económico en los países de la OCDE

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This paper analyzes an endogenous growth model in which individuals differ in their initial capital endowment and determine their optimal labor supply. The provision of government productive services is financed by a tax rate on labor income. Optimal taxes are endogenously decided by the majority rule. The main results show a positive (negative) relation between inequality in the distributio of factors and capital (labor) taxes and a non-linear (positive) relation between the tax rate on capital (labor) and the economic growth rate. The theoretical results are analyzed empirically in a sample of 17 OECD countries for the period 1960-1995. The estimation of the structural model gives no evidence of a robust relation between inequality and growth through the influence of taxes. (Copyright: Fundación Empresa Pública)

Suggested Citation

  • Amparo Castelló-Climent, 2001. "Desigualdad en la distribución de la renta, políticas impositivas y crecimiento económico en los países de la OCDE," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 25(3), pages 473-514, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:iec:inveco:v:25:y:2001:i:3:p:473-514
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    Cited by:

    1. Ochando Claramunt, Carlos, 2010. "La distribución de la renta en España en el periodo de crecimiento económico: 1998-2005/The Distribution of the Income in Spain in the Period of Economic Growth: 1998-2005," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 28, pages 691(22á.)-6, Diciembre.
    2. Charles-Coll, Jorge A., 2010. "The optimal rate of inequality: A framework for the relationship between income inequality and economic growth," MPRA Paper 28921, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Xavier Ramos & Oriol Roca-Sagales, 2007. "Long Term Effects of Fiscal Policy on the Size and the Distribution of the Pie in the UK," RSCAS Working Papers 2007/39, European University Institute.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    income distribution; fiscal policy; economic growth;

    JEL classification:

    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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