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Risk And Profi Tability Of Islamic Banks: A Religious Deception Or An Alternative Solution?

Author

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  • Trad, Naama

    () (University of Tunis El Manar (Tunisia))

  • Trabelsi, Mohamed Ali

    () (University of Tunis El Manar (Tunisia))

  • Goux, Jean François

    () (Université Lumière Lyon II (France))

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to examine whether Islamic finance could be an alternative to the traditional financial system and could guarantee stability in times of crisis. To this end, 78 Islamic banks in 12 countries have been studied over the 2004–2013 period. A series of bank-specific and other country specific indicators are combined to explain the soundness of Islamic banking in terms of profitability as measured by ROA and ROE, and risk divided into credit risk measured by IMLGL and EQL, and insolvency risk measured by Z-SCORE. The aim is to estimate five regressions using dynamic panel data econometrics (GMM system). The results indicate that bank size and capital are the main factors responsible for increasing profitability and stability of Islamic banks and reducing their credit risk. However, the ratios forming the variable liquidity and asset quality often lead to inconclusive results. It is also found that macroeconomic variables, except inflation, are able to improve Islamic banks’ stability. This is not the case for credit risk where the ratio is still unfavorable. The conclusion is that there are no major differences between IBs and CBs in terms of their profitability and risk features. / 0

Suggested Citation

  • Trad, Naama & Trabelsi, Mohamed Ali & Goux, Jean François, 2017. "Risk And Profi Tability Of Islamic Banks: A Religious Deception Or An Alternative Solution?," European Research on Management and Business Economics (ERMBE), Academia Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa (AEDEM), vol. 23(1), pages 40-45.
  • Handle: RePEc:idi:jermbe:v:23:y:2017:i:1:p:40-45
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Imène Berguiga & Philippe Adair & Nadia Zrelli & Ali Abdallah, 2017. "The performance of Islamic banks in the MENA region: Are specific risks a minor attribute?," Working Papers hal-01667412, HAL.
    2. Mohamed Ali Trabelsi & Naama Trad, 2017. "Profitability and risk in interest-free banking industries: a dynamic panel data analysis," International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 10(4), pages 454-469, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Islamic banks; Credit strength; Risk and profitability; GMM system; 0;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies

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