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How to Restore Forest Areas in a Smallholder Agriculture-Dominated Country?


  • Sangare Moussa


This study deals with ways of addressing more effectively the problems of forest restoration in a smallholder agriculture-dominated area like the southwest Cote d¡¯Ivoire. An empirical estimation based on a probit model is used to analyze the farmer decisions concerning their eventual participation to the national program of forest development based on a policy of large-scale reforestation. The results show that the main explicative variables of smallholders¡¯ adhesion to this project are agricultural training, ethnic group, access to credit, the age of the head of household and the household¡¯s residence area. Contrary to all expectations, some variables such as literacy, out-farm income, and the status of landowner and whole-time farmer do not explain the decision of smallholder.

Suggested Citation

  • Sangare Moussa, 2017. "How to Restore Forest Areas in a Smallholder Agriculture-Dominated Country?," Journal of Management and Sustainability, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 7(1), pages 40-53, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ibn:jmsjnl:v:7:y:2017:i:1:p:40-53

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Westerberg, Vanja Holmquist & Lifran, Robert & Olsen, Søren Bøye, 2010. "To restore or not? A valuation of social and ecological functions of the Marais des Baux wetland in Southern France," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(12), pages 2383-2393, October.
    2. Pratap Singh Birthal & Pramod Kumar Joshi & Devesh Roy & Amit Thorat, 2013. "Diversification in Indian Agriculture toward High-Value Crops: The Role of Small Farmers," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 61(1), pages 61-91, March.
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    More about this item


    Cote d¡¯Ivoire; forest management; probit model;

    JEL classification:

    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General


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