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Historical and Institutional Determinants of Universities’ Role in Fostering Entrepreneurship

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  • Alexander Chepurenko

    (National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russia)

  • Maria Kristalova

    (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany)

  • Michael Wyrwich

    (University of Groningen, Netherlands)

Abstract

Institutions play a key role in building entrepreneurial ecosystems (EEs). However, the academic literature does not well represent the historical roots of these institutions and most works are devoted to developed countries. This article examines the institutional conditions for the development of scientific and entrepreneurial activities at universities in the context of the transition to a market economy. It considers the «path dependence» (mentality and infrastructure inherited from the past), as well as specific mechanisms for regulating the interaction of universities and other subjects of EE developed during the transition period. Such an approach allows us to assess the potential of universities for the development of entrepreneurship in countries with a transition economy and the impact of historical development paths upon the current structural conditions and the specific features of the EE.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander Chepurenko & Maria Kristalova & Michael Wyrwich, 2019. "Historical and Institutional Determinants of Universities’ Role in Fostering Entrepreneurship," Foresight and STI Governance (Foresight-Russia till No. 3/2015), National Research University Higher School of Economics, vol. 13(4), pages 48-59.
  • Handle: RePEc:hig:fsight:v:13:y:2019:i:4:p:48-59
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    entrepreneurial ecosystems; transition; entrepreneurship; universities; institutions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • O21 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Planning Models; Planning Policy
    • P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform
    • P27 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Performance and Prospects

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