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Sustainability in SMEs: Top Management Teams Behavioral Integration as Source of Innovativeness

Author

Listed:
  • Asghar Afshar Jahanshahi

    () (CENTRUM Católica Graduate Business School, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima 15023, Peru)

  • Alexander Brem

    () (School of Business and Economics, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Fürther Str. 246c, 90429 Nuremberg, Germany
    Technology Entrepreneurship and Innovation (TEI), University of Southern Denmark, Alsion 2, 6400 Sønderborg, Denmark)

Abstract

Top management teams’ (TMTs’) behavioral integration has received extensive attention from strategic management scholars in recent years. To learn more about the consequences of this phenomenon at the team level, we explore the relationship between TMTs’ behavioral integration with their innovativeness and sustainability orientation. To accomplish this, we surveyed 40 TMTs in Iranian small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) at two points in time. We ran a hierarchical multiple regression in order to test the hypotheses of the study. Building a theoretical model based on the Upper-Echelons framework, we found that the extent to which a TMT is behaviorally integrated is positively and significantly related to TMT innovativeness. Furthermore, our result reveals that a highly behaviorally integrated TMT is more likely to engage in sustainability-oriented actions. Hence, behaviorally integrated TMTs offer its team members an increased chance of being innovative and generating new ideas as compared to less behaviorally integrated TMTs. Finally, our results indicate that the generation of novel ideas is higher in teams with younger members, and that highly educated TMTs generate more innovative ideas in the workplace.

Suggested Citation

  • Asghar Afshar Jahanshahi & Alexander Brem, 2017. "Sustainability in SMEs: Top Management Teams Behavioral Integration as Source of Innovativeness," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(10), pages 1-1, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:10:p:1899-:d:115917
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kshitija Joshi & Deepak Chandrashekar & Alexander Brem & Kirankumar S. Momaya, 2019. "Foreign Venture Capital Firms in a Cross-Border Context: Empirical Insights from India," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(22), pages 1-1, November.
    2. Asghar Afshar Jahanshahi & Khaled Nawaser & Alexander Brem, 2019. "The EFFECTS OF CUSTOMER CAPITAL ON CUSTOMER RESPONSE SPEED AND INNOVATIVENESS: THE MEDIATING ROLE OF MARKETING CAPABILITY," International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 23(06), pages 1-25, August.
    3. Jianzhong Xu & Kumchol Yun & Fu Yan & Paeksan Jang & Jonggun Kim & Cholho Pang, 2019. "A Study on the Effect of TMT Characteristics and Vertical Dyad Similarity on Enterprise Achievements," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(10), pages 1-1, May.
    4. Behrooz Gharleghi & Asghar Afshar Jahanshahi & Khaled Nawaser, 2018. "The Outcomes of Corporate Social Responsibility to Employees: Empirical Evidence from a Developing Country," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(3), pages 1-1, March.
    5. Asghar Afshar Jahanshahi & Alexander Brem & Mohammad Shahabinezhad, 2018. "Does Thinking Style Make a Difference in Environmental Perception and Orientation? Evidence from Entrepreneurs in Post-Sanction Iran," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(5), pages 1-1, May.
    6. Tungju Wu & Yenchun Jim Wu & Hsientang Tsai & Yibin Li, 2017. "Top Management Teams’ Characteristics and Strategic Decision-Making: A Mediation of Risk Perceptions and Mental Models," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(12), pages 1-1, December.
    7. Julien Boucher & Clotilde Jenny & Zara Plummer & Gerhard Schneider, 2018. "How to Avoid Pigeonholing the Environmental Manager?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(7), pages 1-1, July.
    8. Judit Oláh & Zuzana Virglerova & József Popp & Jana Kliestikova & Sándor Kovács, 2019. "The Assessment of Non-Financial Risk Sources of SMES in the V4 Countries and Serbia," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(17), pages 1-1, September.
    9. Zhasmina Tacheva & Natalie Simpson & Anton Ivanov, 2020. "Examining the Role of Top Management in Corporate Sustainability: Does Supply Chain Position Matter?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(18), pages 1-1, September.
    10. Xue Cheng & Qingpu Zhang, 2018. "How to Develop the Interdisciplinary Innovation Teams Sustainably?—A Simulation Model from a Perspective of Knowledge Fission and Fusion," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(9), pages 1-1, September.
    11. Asghar Afshar Jahanshahi & Jianfeng Jia, 2018. "Purchasing Green Products as a Means of Expressing Consumers’ Uniqueness: Empirical Evidence from Peru and Bangladesh," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(11), pages 1-1, November.
    12. Mingfeng Tang & Peng Xu & Patrick Llerena & Asghar Afshar Jahanshahi, 2019. "The Impact of the Openness of Firms’ External Search Strategies on Exploratory Innovation and Exploitative Innovation," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(18), pages 1-1, September.
    13. Dolores Gallardo-Vázquez & José A. Folgado-Fernández, 2020. "Regional Economic Sustainability: Universities’ Role in Their Territories," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(4), pages 1-1, March.
    14. Gianpaolo Abatecola & Matteo Cristofaro, 2019. "Ingredients of Sustainable CEO Behaviour: Theory and Practice," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(7), pages 1-1, April.
    15. Malesios, Chrisovalantis & De, Debashree & Moursellas, Andreas & Dey, Prasanta & Evangelinos, Konstantinos, 2019. "Review of Statistical Modeling Approaches for Sustainability Analysis of Small and Medium sized Enterprises," MPRA Paper 93028, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    sustainability orientation; behavioral integration; innovativeness; TMTs; SMEs;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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