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Key Performance Characteristics of Organic Shrimp Aquaculture in Southwest Bangladesh

Author

Listed:
  • Brojo Gopal Paul

    () (Division of Organic Farming, Department of Sustainable Agricultural Systems, BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Gregor Mendel Strasse 33, Vienna A-1180, Austria)

  • Christian Reinhard Vogl

    () (Division of Organic Farming, Department of Sustainable Agricultural Systems, BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Gregor Mendel Strasse 33, Vienna A-1180, Austria)

Abstract

In Bangladesh, black tiger shrimp ( Penaeus monodon ; Fabricius, 1798) aquaculture has come to be one of the most important sectors in both the rural and national economies. Likewise, organic shrimp aquaculture has emerged as an alternative farming enterprise for farmers especially in the southwestern districts of Bangladesh. The present study aims to show key performance characteristics of organic shrimp farmers and farming in a prototypical shrimp farming area in Bangladesh. Data was collected in 2009 from organic shrimp farmers in the Kaligonj and Shyamnagar sub-districts through questionnaire interviews, transect walks and focus group discussions. The mean productivity of organic shrimp farming in the area is 320 kg ha −1 yr −1 (ranging from 120 to 711 kg ha −1 year −1 ). Organic farmers are more likely to have a higher monthly income and less aquaculture experience. Moreover, suitable landholdings and classified labor distribution have been found to play an important role in the development of organic shrimp aquaculture. The most common assets of organic shrimp aquaculture are high yield, low production cost, available post larvae and high market prices. Small business farmers are likely to earn more income benefits from organic shrimp aquaculture than their larger-scale counterparts. Finally, the paper suggests that more research is needed to stimulate the success of organic shrimp aquaculture.

Suggested Citation

  • Brojo Gopal Paul & Christian Reinhard Vogl, 2012. "Key Performance Characteristics of Organic Shrimp Aquaculture in Southwest Bangladesh," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(5), pages 1-18, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:5:p:995-1012:d:17728
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Neiland, Arthur E. & Soley, Neill & Varley, Joan Baron & Whitmarsh, David J., 2001. "Shrimp aquaculture: economic perspectives for policy development," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 265-279, July.
    2. Chambers, Robert, 1994. "The origins and practice of participatory rural appraisal," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 22(7), pages 953-969, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    organic shrimp; organic aquaculture; production; land; labor; Bangladesh;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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