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Looking for the Optimal Location of an Eco-District within a Metropolitan Area: The Case of Tricity Metropolitan Area

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  • Julia Kurek

    () (Department of Urban Design and Regional Planning, Gdańsk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland)

  • Justyna Martyniuk-Pęczek

    () (Department of Urban Design and Regional Planning, Gdańsk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland)

Abstract

Compact housing structures located in city centers are considered to be the most energy and environmentally effective, mainly due to the access to services, transport networks and municipal infrastructures. There is the question of why so many of the acknowledged ecological housing complexes are located on the outskirts of cities or suburbs. Numerous cities decide to introduce strategies either to densify city centers, hoping to improve energy efficiency. The Tricity metropolitan area is a special case undergoing dynamic transformation, and its development overlaps with the processes of both planned densification of the center as well as uncontrolled suburbanization. The goal of this study was to find the correlation between optimal location of an eco-district from the functional center of the Tricity metropolitan area, allowing for the most favorable energy and environmental parameters related both to the architectural and urban scale. The research was conducted in four different scenarios, concerning present and future development. In these scenarios, specific locations were examined, and the following were compared: total energy consumption, ecological footprint and CO 2 lifecycle emissions. This study shows the possibility for suburban housing complexes with appropriate parameters in an edge city model to have the same or better results than complexes situated closer to the functional center of the city. This is mainly due to the building’s energy efficiency, sustainable mobility, municipal infrastructure and relevant service access. The research proves the importance of implementing sustainable energy-saving and environmentally oriented activities at both an architectural and urban scale planning process.

Suggested Citation

  • Julia Kurek & Justyna Martyniuk-Pęczek, 2020. "Looking for the Optimal Location of an Eco-District within a Metropolitan Area: The Case of Tricity Metropolitan Area," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(19), pages 1-22, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:12:y:2020:i:19:p:8001-:d:420554
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    suburbanization; urban sprawl; eco district; energy optimizations; urban planning; energy efficiency; carbon neutrality; energy transition; sustainable process index; sustainable development;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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