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Exploring the Features of Sustainable Urban Form and the Factors that Provoke Shoppers towards Shopping Malls

Author

Listed:
  • Haoying Han

    () (Institute of Urban and Rural Planning Theory and Technology, College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zijingang Campus, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 31058, China)

  • Noman Sahito

    () (Institute of Urban and Rural Planning Theory and Technology, College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zijingang Campus, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 31058, China
    Department of City & Regional Planning, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro 76062, Pakistan)

  • Thuy Van Thi Nguyen

    () (Institute of Urban and Rural Planning Theory and Technology, College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zijingang Campus, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 31058, China
    Department of Architecture, Danang Architecture University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam)

  • Jinsoo Hwang

    () (The College of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Sejong University, 98 Gunja-Dong, Gwanjin-Gu, Seoul 143-747, Korea)

  • Muhammad Asif

    () (School of Public Affairs, Zijingang Campus, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China)

Abstract

This study examined various features of urban form, which promote sustainable development and provoke shoppers toward shopping malls. A field survey was conducted in shopping malls at Hangzhou, which is the capital city of the Zhejiang province, China. Structural equation modeling and a confirmatory factor analysis were used to measure the hypotheses. The results of this study showed that the built environment and entertainment completely mediated the relationship between ambiance and consumption, and they have a positive impact on the environment and shoppers. The built environment and entertainment are viewed as essential elements of physical and social sustainability. Real estate developers, urban planners, and shopping mall managers should consider the design features of urban form to meet sustainable development goals and to attract more shoppers. Testing these relationships via a mediating method is a novel contribution to the study of shopping malls.

Suggested Citation

  • Haoying Han & Noman Sahito & Thuy Van Thi Nguyen & Jinsoo Hwang & Muhammad Asif, 2019. "Exploring the Features of Sustainable Urban Form and the Factors that Provoke Shoppers towards Shopping Malls," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(17), pages 1-20, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:17:p:4798-:d:263524
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Shahida Kanwel & Zhou Lingqiang & Muhammad Asif & Jinsoo Hwang & Abid Hussain & Arif Jameel, 2019. "The Influence of Destination Image on Tourist Loyalty and Intention to Visit: Testing a Multiple Mediation Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(22), pages 1-19, November.
    2. Emilio José Delgado-Algarra & Isabel María Román Sánchez & Eva Ordóñez Olmedo & Antonio Alejandro Lorca-Marín, 2019. "International MOOC Trends in Citizenship, Participation and Sustainability: Analysis of Technical, Didactic and Content Dimensions," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(20), pages 1-19, October.
    3. Arif Jameel & Muhammad Asif & Abid Hussain & Jinsoo Hwang & Noman Sahito & Mussawar Hussain Bukhari, 2019. "Assessing the Moderating Effect of Corruption on the E-Government and Trust Relationship: An Evidence of an Emerging Economy," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(23), pages 1-14, November.
    4. Haoying Han & Thuy Van T. Nguyen & Noman Sahito, 2019. "Sidewalk Zoom-In: A Spatial–Temporal Negotiation and Self-Organization within a Sociable Space," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(22), pages 1-15, November.
    5. Muhammad Yousif Mangi & Zhang Yue & Saima Kalwar & Zulfiqar Ali Lashari, 2020. "Comparative Analysis of Urban Development Trends of Beijing and Karachi Metropolitan Areas," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(2), pages 1-28, January.
    6. Thuy Van T. Nguyen & Haoying Han & Noman Sahito, 2019. "Role of Urban Public Space and the Surrounding Environment in Promoting Sustainable Development from the Lens of Social Media," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(21), pages 1-15, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    shopping malls; sustainable development; built environment; shoppers; structural equation modeling (SEM); Hangzhou;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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