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Perspectives of Ecological Footprint in European Context under the Impact of Information Society and Sustainable Development

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  • Simona Ioana Ghita

    () (Department of Statistics and Econometrics, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romana Square, 15-17 Dorobanți St., Sector 1, 010552 Bucharest, Romania)

  • Andreea Simona Saseanu

    () (Department of Business, Consumer Sciences and Quality Management, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romana Square, 6-8, 010374 București, Romania)

  • Rodica-Manuela Gogonea

    () (Department of Statistics and Econometrics, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romana Square, 15-17 Dorobanți St., Sector 1, 010552 Bucharest, Romania)

  • Catalin-Emilian Huidumac-Petrescu

    () (Department of Economics and Economic Policies, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romana Square, 15-17 Dorobanți St., Sector 1, 010552 Bucharest, Romania)

Abstract

The perspective of ecological footprint, which is a tool for measuring and monitoring the sustainability of the new information society and the higher degree of openness in the European economy powered by the globalization process, was approached from the viewpoint of accelerated technical, scientific, and innovative progress. This research aims at identifying and forecasting patterns of environmental footprint behavior in European countries, depending on factors reflecting the innovation activity, the degree of economic freedom, and EU membership status. In the article, three factors are identified that explain to a large extent the variation of the ecological footprint values: employment in foreign controlled enterprises, eco-innovation index, and region. The statistical and econometric methods used in the analysis are aimed at applying a Proportional-Odds Cumulative Logistic regression model in order to verify the existence of the association between the statistical variables and to forecast the likelihood of changing the ecological footprint from a lower to a higher score under the impact of selected factors by quantifying their influence. The results have led to the conclusion that, by applying the model, both the share of the employed population in the foreign-controlled enterprises and the eco-innovation index will have a significant direct influence on the variability in the ecological footprint (through the odds-ratio). Referring to the EU membership, the model shows that non-EU member countries or newer EU member countries are predominantly assigned low ecological footprint scores.

Suggested Citation

  • Simona Ioana Ghita & Andreea Simona Saseanu & Rodica-Manuela Gogonea & Catalin-Emilian Huidumac-Petrescu, 2018. "Perspectives of Ecological Footprint in European Context under the Impact of Information Society and Sustainable Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(9), pages 1-25, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:9:p:3224-:d:168718
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sorin-Iulian Cioacă & Silvia-Elena Cristache & Mariana Vuță & Erika Marin & Mihai Vuță, 2020. "Assessing the Impact of ICT Sector on Sustainable Development in the European Union: An Empirical Analysis Using Panel Data," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(2), pages 1-16, January.
    2. Xiaoman Liu & Jingying Fu & Dong Jiang & Jianwu Luo & Chenxi Sun & Huiming Liu & Ruihong Wen & Xuefeng Wang, 2018. "Improvement of Ecological Footprint Model in National Nature Reserve Based on Net Primary Production (NPP)," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(1), pages 1-16, December.
    3. Adriana AnaMaria Davidescu & Simona Andreea Apostu & Andra Madalina Pantilie & Bogdan Florian Amzuica, 2020. "Romania’s South-Muntenia Region, towards Sustainable Regional Development. Implications for Regional Development Strategies," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(14), pages 1-46, July.
    4. Russell Tatenda Munodawafa & Satirenjit Kaur Johl, 2019. "Big Data Analytics Capabilities and Eco-Innovation: A Study of Energy Companies," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(15), pages 1-21, August.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    sustainability; ecological footprint; eco-innovation; economy openness; multinomial ordinal logistic regression model; European countries;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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