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The Fundamental Equation in Tourism Finance

Listed author(s):
  • Michael McAleer

    ()

    (Department of Quantitative Finance, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan
    Econometric Institute, Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam 3000 DR, The Netherlands
    Tinbergen Institute, Amsterdam and Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    Department of Quantitative Economics, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain)

The purpose of the paper is to present the fundamental equation in tourism finance that connects tourism research to empirical finance and financial econometrics. The energy industry, which includes, oil, gas and bio-energy fuels, together with the tourism industry, are two of the most important industries in the world today in terms of employment and generating income. The primary purpose in attracting domestic and international tourists to a country, region or city is to maximize tourism expenditure. The paper will concentrate on daily tourism expenditure, regardless of whether such data might be readily available. If such data are not available, a practical method is presented to calculate the appropriate data.

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Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Journal of Risk and Financial Management.

Volume (Year): 8 (2015)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 1-6

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Handle: RePEc:gam:jjrfmx:v:8:y:2015:i:4:p:369-374:d:61108
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  1. Chia-Lin Chang & Michael McAleer & Christine Lim, 2010. "Modelling the Volatility in Short and Long Haul Japanese Tourist Arrivals to New Zealand and Taiwan," Working Papers in Economics 10/40, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
  2. Chia-Lin Chang & Yiying Li & Michael McAleer, 2015. "Volatility Spillovers Between Energy and Agricultural Markets: A Critical Appraisal of Theory and Practice," Documentos de Trabajo del ICAE 2015-08, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Instituto Complutense de Análisis Económico.
  3. Chia-Ling Chang & Thanchanok Khamkaew & Michael McAleer & Roengchai Tansuchat, 2009. "Interdependence of International Tourism Demand and Volatility in Leading ASEAN Destinations," CARF F-Series CARF-F-190, Center for Advanced Research in Finance, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo.
  4. Medeiros, Marcelo C. & McAleer, Michael & Slottje, Daniel & Ramos, Vicente & Rey-Maquieira, Javier, 2008. "An alternative approach to estimating demand: Neural network regression with conditional volatility for high frequency air passenger arrivals," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 147(2), pages 372-383, December.
  5. Divino, J.A. & McAleer, M.J., 2008. "Modelling sustainable international tourism demand to the Brazilian Amazon," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 2008-22, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
  6. Chang, Chia-Lin & Hsu, Hui-Kuang & McAleer, Michael, 2014. "The impact of China on stock returns and volatility in the Taiwan tourism industry," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 381-401.
  7. McAleer, Michael, 2005. "Automated Inference And Learning In Modeling Financial Volatility," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 21(01), pages 232-261, February.
  8. Shareef, Riaz & McAleer, Michael, 2008. "Modelling international tourism demand and uncertainty in Maldives and Seychelles: A portfolio approach," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 459-468.
  9. Jose Angelo Divino & Michael McAleer, 2009. "Modelling and Forecasting Daily International Mass Tourism to Peru," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-651, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
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