IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Study on the Emission Reduction Effect and Spatial Difference of Carbon Emission Trading Policy in China


  • Guiliang Tian

    (School of Business, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China
    Jiangsu Research Base of Yangtze Institute for Conservation and High-Quality Development, Nanjing 211100, China
    Yangtze Institute for Conservation and Development, Nanjing 210098, China)

  • Suwan Yu

    (School of Business, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China)

  • Zheng Wu

    (School of Business, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China)

  • Qing Xia

    (School of Business, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China)


To cope with huge carbon emission pressure, China has implemented a carbon emissions trading pilot policy that aims to provide reasonable suggestions for the smooth operation of the national carbon market. This paper selects the provincial panel data in China from 2005 to 2019 and uses the propensity score matching-difference in difference (PSM-DID) method to evaluate the carbon emission policy’s reduction effect. Based on carbon emissions (CE) and carbon emission intensity (CI), provinces and cities are divided into four regions, and each region is verified by spatial difference analysis. Furthermore, the mediating effects of carbon emission reduction through the dual aspects of technological progress and industry structure are also discussed. Results verified that, (1) under the carbon emission trading policy, regional carbon emissions and carbon emission intensity are both significantly reduced. (2) Technological progress helps to reduce carbon emissions, while industrial structure shows no obvious contribution. (3) The four regions all show ideal emission reduction effects, of which the High CE-High CI region shows the best, but is greatly restricted by techniques. The industrial structure of the High CE-Low CI region needs to be further optimized for carbon reduction. In the Low CE-High CI region, the carbon emissions brought by economic development fail to effectively improve per capita GDP. The Low CE-Low CI region contributes greatly to carbon emission reduction with technical advantages.

Suggested Citation

  • Guiliang Tian & Suwan Yu & Zheng Wu & Qing Xia, 2022. "Study on the Emission Reduction Effect and Spatial Difference of Carbon Emission Trading Policy in China," Energies, MDPI, vol. 15(5), pages 1-20, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:15:y:2022:i:5:p:1921-:d:765327

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hua, Guowei & Cheng, T.C.E. & Wang, Shouyang, 2011. "Managing carbon footprints in inventory management," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 132(2), pages 178-185, August.
    2. R. H. Coase, 2013. "The Problem of Social Cost," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 56(4), pages 837-877.
    3. Pashigian, B Peter, 1982. "A Theory of Prevention and Legal Defense with an Application to the Legal Costs of Companies," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 25(2), pages 247-270, October.
    4. Ren, Shenggang & Yuan, Baolong & Ma, Xie & Chen, Xiaohong, 2014. "The impact of international trade on China׳s industrial carbon emissions since its entry into WTO," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 624-634.
    5. J. H. Dales, 1968. "Land, Water, and Ownership," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 1(4), pages 791-804, November.
    6. Abolhosseini, Shahrouz & Heshmati, Almas, 2014. "The main support mechanisms to finance renewable energy development," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 876-885.
    7. Springer, Cecilia & Evans, Sam & Lin, Jiang & Roland-Holst, David, 2019. "Low carbon growth in China: The role of emissions trading in a transitioning economy," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 235(C), pages 1118-1125.
    8. Fan, Ying & Liu, Lan-Cui & Wu, Gang & Tsai, Hsien-Tang & Wei, Yi-Ming, 2007. "Changes in carbon intensity in China: Empirical findings from 1980-2003," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(3-4), pages 683-691, May.
    9. Wu, Libo & Kaneko, Shinji & Matsuoka, Shunji, 2005. "Driving forces behind the stagnancy of China's energy-related CO2 emissions from 1996 to 1999: the relative importance of structural change, intensity change and scale change," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 319-335, February.
    10. Najm, Sarah & Matsumoto, Ken'ichi, 2020. "Does renewable energy substitute LNG international trade in the energy transition?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(C).
    11. Yue Dai & Nan Li & Rongrong Gu & Xiaodong Zhu, 2018. "Can China’s Carbon Emissions Trading Rights Mechanism Transform its Manufacturing Industry? Based on the Perspective of Enterprise Behavior," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 10(7), pages 1-16, July.
    12. Hanif, Imran & Aziz, Babar & Chaudhry, Imran Sharif, 2019. "Carbon emissions across the spectrum of renewable and nonrenewable energy use in developing economies of Asia," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 143(C), pages 586-595.
    13. James J. Heckman & Hidehiko Ichimura & Petra Todd, 1998. "Matching As An Econometric Evaluation Estimator," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 65(2), pages 261-294.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Yixin Huang & Lei Zhao & Weiqiang Qiu & Yuhang Xu & Junyan Gao & Youxiang Yan & Tong Wu & Zhenzhi Lin, 2022. "Evaluation of Acceptance Capacity of Distributed Generation in Distribution Network Considering Carbon Emission," Energies, MDPI, vol. 15(12), pages 1-15, June.
    2. Pengfei Cheng & Xingang Huan & Baekryul Choi, 2022. "The Comprehensive Impact of Outward Foreign Direct Investment on China’s Carbon Emissions," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(23), pages 1-16, December.
    3. Ping Cao & Xiaoxiao Li & Yu Cheng & Han Shen, 2022. "Temporal-Spatial Evolution and Driving Factors of Global Carbon Emission Efficiency," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(22), pages 1-20, November.
    4. Xueyang Wang & Xiumei Sun & Haotian Zhang & Mahmood Ahmad, 2022. "Digital Economy and Environmental Quality: Insights from the Spatial Durbin Model," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(23), pages 1-23, December.
    5. Eryu Zhang & Xiaoyu He & Peng Xiao, 2022. "Does Smart City Construction Decrease Urban Carbon Emission Intensity? Evidence from a Difference-in-Difference Estimation in China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(23), pages 1-16, December.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Haoran Zhang & Rongxia Zhang & Guomin Li & Wei Li & Yongrok Choi, 2020. "Has China’s Emission Trading System Achieved the Development of a Low-Carbon Economy in High-Emission Industrial Subsectors?," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(13), pages 1-20, July.
    2. Chen, Chunhua & Jiang, Dequan & Lan, Meng & Li, Weiping & Ye, Ling, 2022. "Does environmental regulation affect labor investment Efficiency?Evidence from a quasi-natural experiment in China," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 82-95.
    3. Dong Jichang & He Jing & Li Xiuting & Mou Xindi & Dong Zhi, 2020. "The Effect of Industrial Structure Change on Carbon Dioxide Emissions: A Cross-Country Panel Analysis," Journal of Systems Science and Information, De Gruyter, vol. 8(1), pages 1-16, February.
    4. Bård Harstad, 2012. "Buy Coal! A Case for Supply-Side Environmental Policy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 120(1), pages 77-115.
    5. Pierre Franc & Lisa Sutto, 2012. "Cap-and-trade system on CO2 emissions in maritime transport: potential impacts on shipping lines activities [Les permis d’émission de CO2 dans le transport maritime : quels effets possibles sur les," Post-Print halshs-01366275, HAL.
    6. Charles Raux, 2011. "Downstream Emissions Trading for Transport," Transportation Research, Economics and Policy, in: Werner Rothengatter & Yoshitsugu Hayashi & Wolfgang Schade (ed.), Transport Moving to Climate Intelligence, chapter 0, pages 209-226, Springer.
    7. Jialing Zou & Zhipeng Tang & Shuang Wu, 2019. "Divergent Leading Factors in Energy-Related CO 2 Emissions Change among Subregions of the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Area from 2006 to 2016: An Extended LMDI Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(18), pages 1-17, September.
    8. Hehua Zhao & Hongwen Chen & Lei He, 2022. "Embodied Carbon Emissions and Regional Transfer Characteristics—Evidence from China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(4), pages 1-20, February.
    9. Gui, Shusen & Wu, Chunyou & Qu, Ying & Guo, Lingling, 2017. "Path analysis of factors impacting China's CO2 emission intensity: Viewpoint on energy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 650-658.
    10. Ruttan, Vernon W., 2006. "Social science knowledge and induced institutional innovation: an institutional design perspective," Journal of Institutional Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(3), pages 249-272, December.
    11. Antoci, Angelo & Borghesi, Simone & Sodini, Mauro, 2012. "ETS and Technological Innovation: A Random Matching Model," Climate Change and Sustainable Development 139508, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
    12. Ning Chang & Michael L. Lahr, 2016. "Changes in China’s production-source CO 2 emissions: insights from structural decomposition analysis and linkage analysis," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(2), pages 224-242, June.
    13. Cansino, José M. & Lopez-Melendo, Jaime & Pablo-Romero, María del P. & Sánchez-Braza, Antonio, 2013. "An economic evaluation of public programs for internationalization: The case of the Diagnostic program in Spain," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 38-46.
    14. Raux, Charles & Marlot, Grégoire, 2005. "A system of tradable CO2 permits applied to fuel consumption by motorists," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 255-265, May.
    15. J. Peter Clinch & Eoin O'Neill, 2010. "Assessing the Relative Merits of Development Charges and Transferable Development Rights in an Uncertain World," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 47(4), pages 891-911, April.
    16. Ruttan, Vernon W., 2002. "Social Science Knowledge And Institutional Innovation," Staff Papers 13628, University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics.
    17. Fernández-Huertas Moraga, Jesús & Rapoport, Hillel, 2014. "Tradable immigration quotas," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 94-108.
    18. Jiangyue Joy Ying & Benjamin K. Sovacool, 2021. "A fair trade? Expert perceptions of equity, innovation, and public awareness in China’s future Emissions Trading Scheme," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 164(3), pages 1-23, February.
    19. Wang, Xu & Zhu, Lei & Liu, Pengfei, 2021. "Manipulation via endowments: Quantifying the influence of market power on the emission trading scheme," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(C).
    20. Zhang, Ming & Mu, Hailin & Ning, Yadong, 2009. "Accounting for energy-related CO2 emission in China, 1991-2006," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 767-773, March.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:15:y:2022:i:5:p:1921-:d:765327. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: MDPI Indexing Manager (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.