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Measures to Remove Geothermal Energy Barriers in the European Union

Author

Listed:
  • Antonio Colmenar-Santos

    () (Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica, Control, Telemática y Química Aplicada a la Ingeniería, UNED, Juan del Rosal, 12 Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain)

  • Elisabet Palomo-Torrejón

    () (Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica, Control, Telemática y Química Aplicada a la Ingeniería, UNED, Juan del Rosal, 12 Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain)

  • Enrique Rosales-Asensio

    () (Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica y de Sistemas y Automática, Universidad de León, Escuela de Ingenierías Industrial e Informática Campus de Vegazana, s/n 24071 León, Spain)

  • David Borge-Diez

    () (Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica y de Sistemas y Automática, Universidad de León, Escuela de Ingenierías Industrial e Informática Campus de Vegazana, s/n 24071 León, Spain)

Abstract

This article examines the main market barriers that hamper the introduction of geothermal energy at local, national, and European levels as well as the necessary steps that need to be taken to eradicate them, thus contributing to the general use of this renewable source of energy. The novelty of this study lies in the detailed description of four different scenarios: the European Union (EU), Spain, the Canary Islands, and the agricultural sector for the three types of geothermal energies and their uses: Low-enthalpy or thermal uses, high-enthalpy or electrical uses and renewable energy mix. The results are expected to differ in terms of level of introduction, barriers, and measures to be taken. We have selected Spain within the European context due to its meagre 0.1% geothermal market share in primary demand for renewable energy, and the Canary Islands in particular, given its insular nature. We have likewise picked the agricultural sector due to its underdevelopment as far as renewable energies are concerned, including geothermal energy.

Suggested Citation

  • Antonio Colmenar-Santos & Elisabet Palomo-Torrejón & Enrique Rosales-Asensio & David Borge-Diez, 2018. "Measures to Remove Geothermal Energy Barriers in the European Union," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(11), pages 1-29, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:11:p:3202-:d:183722
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sean M. Watson & Gioia Falcone & Rob Westaway, 2020. "Repurposing Hydrocarbon Wells for Geothermal Use in the UK: The Onshore Fields with the Greatest Potential," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(14), pages 1-28, July.
    2. Colmenar-Santos, Antonio & Palomo-Torrejón, Elisabet & Mur-Pérez, Francisco & Rosales-Asensio, Enrique, 2020. "Thermal desalination potential with parabolic trough collectors and geothermal energy in the Spanish southeast," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 262(C).
    3. Ilaria Delponte & Corrado Schenone, 2020. "RES Implementation in Urban Areas: An Updated Overview," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(1), pages 1-14, January.
    4. Joanna Boguniewicz-Zabłocka & Ewelina Łukasiewicz & Domenico Guida, 2019. "Analysis of the Sustainable Use of Geothermal Waters and Future Development Possibilities—A Case Study from the Opole Region, Poland," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(23), pages 1-15, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    geothermal energy; barriers; analysis; energy efficiency; European Union;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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