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Measures to Remove Geothermal Energy Barriers in the European Union


  • Antonio Colmenar-Santos

    (Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica, Control, Telemática y Química Aplicada a la Ingeniería, UNED, Juan del Rosal, 12 Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain)

  • Elisabet Palomo-Torrejón

    (Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica, Control, Telemática y Química Aplicada a la Ingeniería, UNED, Juan del Rosal, 12 Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain)

  • Enrique Rosales-Asensio

    (Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica y de Sistemas y Automática, Universidad de León, Escuela de Ingenierías Industrial e Informática Campus de Vegazana, s/n 24071 León, Spain)

  • David Borge-Diez

    (Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica y de Sistemas y Automática, Universidad de León, Escuela de Ingenierías Industrial e Informática Campus de Vegazana, s/n 24071 León, Spain)


This article examines the main market barriers that hamper the introduction of geothermal energy at local, national, and European levels as well as the necessary steps that need to be taken to eradicate them, thus contributing to the general use of this renewable source of energy. The novelty of this study lies in the detailed description of four different scenarios: the European Union (EU), Spain, the Canary Islands, and the agricultural sector for the three types of geothermal energies and their uses: Low-enthalpy or thermal uses, high-enthalpy or electrical uses and renewable energy mix. The results are expected to differ in terms of level of introduction, barriers, and measures to be taken. We have selected Spain within the European context due to its meagre 0.1% geothermal market share in primary demand for renewable energy, and the Canary Islands in particular, given its insular nature. We have likewise picked the agricultural sector due to its underdevelopment as far as renewable energies are concerned, including geothermal energy.

Suggested Citation

  • Antonio Colmenar-Santos & Elisabet Palomo-Torrejón & Enrique Rosales-Asensio & David Borge-Diez, 2018. "Measures to Remove Geothermal Energy Barriers in the European Union," Energies, MDPI, vol. 11(11), pages 1-29, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:11:p:3202-:d:183722

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    Cited by:

    1. Sean M. Watson & Gioia Falcone & Rob Westaway, 2020. "Repurposing Hydrocarbon Wells for Geothermal Use in the UK: The Onshore Fields with the Greatest Potential," Energies, MDPI, vol. 13(14), pages 1-29, July.
    2. Qiblawey, Yazan & Alassi, Abdulrahman & Zain ul Abideen, Mohammed & Bañales, Santiago, 2022. "Techno-economic assessment of increasing the renewable energy supply in the Canary Islands: The case of Tenerife and Gran Canaria," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 162(C).
    3. Arkadiusz Kustra & Sylwia Lorenc, 2021. "Financial Balance Analysis of Geothermal Companies in Poland Based on Managerial Cash Flows," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(23), pages 1-25, November.
    4. Palomo-Torrejón, Elisabet & Colmenar-Santos, Antonio & Rosales-Asensio, Enrique & Mur-Pérez, Francisco, 2021. "Economic and environmental benefits of geothermal energy in industrial processes," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 174(C), pages 134-146.
    5. Colmenar-Santos, Antonio & Palomo-Torrejón, Elisabet & Mur-Pérez, Francisco & Rosales-Asensio, Enrique, 2020. "Thermal desalination potential with parabolic trough collectors and geothermal energy in the Spanish southeast," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 262(C).
    6. Ilaria Delponte & Corrado Schenone, 2020. "RES Implementation in Urban Areas: An Updated Overview," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(1), pages 1-14, January.
    7. Joanna Boguniewicz-Zabłocka & Ewelina Łukasiewicz & Domenico Guida, 2019. "Analysis of the Sustainable Use of Geothermal Waters and Future Development Possibilities—A Case Study from the Opole Region, Poland," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(23), pages 1-15, November.

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