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Green Tea as an Agricultural Based Health Promoting Food: The Past Five to Ten Years

Author

Listed:
  • Qin-Yin Shi

    () (Department of Food Science and Technology, 143 Filley Hall, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583-0919, USA)

  • Vicki Schlegel

    () (Department of Food Science and Technology, 143 Filley Hall, University of Nebraska Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583-0919, USA)

Abstract

The consumption of tea originated in ancient China over 4000 years ago and is currently the second most popular beverage in the world after water. Tea is an aromatic beverage prepared by pouring hot water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. The link between tea intake, most notably green tea, and health has resulted in intense research on the components responsible for preventing the onset of several chronic diseases, including atherosclerosis, cancer, obesity and diabetes. In particular, the high levels of chemically diverse phenols (e.g., phenolic acids, flavonoids) present in tea exhibit potent protective properties against many of these diseases. Although health related research on green tea and its predominant phenol (catechins) has been on-going for decades, major advances have occurred in the last 5–10 years. Therefore, this review focuses on seminal studies reported primarily within the last five years but not extending past ten years on the link between health and green tea with an emphasis on the catechins.

Suggested Citation

  • Qin-Yin Shi & Vicki Schlegel, 2012. "Green Tea as an Agricultural Based Health Promoting Food: The Past Five to Ten Years," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(4), pages 1-21, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jagris:v:2:y:2012:i:4:p:393-413:d:21983
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. World Bank & Food and Agriculture Organization & International Fund for Agricultural Development, 2009. "Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook
      [Agricultura y desarrollo rural : manual sobre género en agricultura]
      ," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6603, July.
    2. Hall, A. W., 1999. "Priorities for irrigated agriculture," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 25-29, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    green tea; phenols; flavonoids; oxidative stress; inflammation; health; catechins;

    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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