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Professional employer organizations: What are they, who uses them, and why should we care?

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  • Britton Lombardi
  • Yukako Ono

Abstract

Using both public and confidential data, the authors summarize how the intensity of use of professional employer organization (PEO) services varies across industries and geographical areas. Their analyses using microdata of manufacturing establishments suggest that the use of PEO services depends on the size of the establishment and of its parent firm. The use of PEO services is greater for newly constructed establishments, as well as for establishments with a potentially high injury and illness rate. Greater diversification across industries and geographical areas of a parent firm may also increase an establishment's use of PEO services.

Suggested Citation

  • Britton Lombardi & Yukako Ono, 2008. "Professional employer organizations: What are they, who uses them, and why should we care?," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Q IV, pages 2-14.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedhep:y:2008:i:qiv:p:2-14:n:v.32no.4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Yukako Ono & Daniel Sullivan, 2013. "Manufacturing Plants' Use of Temporary Workers: An Analysis Using Census Microdata," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(2), pages 419-443, April.
    2. Marcello Estevao & Saul Lach, 1999. "Measuring temporary labor outsourcing in U.S. manufacturing," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 1999-57, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    3. Lewis M. Segal & Daniel G. Sullivan, 1997. "The Growth of Temporary Services Work," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 117-136, Spring.
    4. Susan Houseman, 2006. "Outsourcing, Offshoring, and Productivity Measurement in Manufacturing," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 06-130, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    5. Matthew Dey & Susan Houseman & Anne Polivka, 2006. "Manufacturers' Outsourcing to Employment Services," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 07-132, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Peter H. Cappelli & JR Keller, 2013. "A Study of the Extent and Potential Causes of Alternative Employment Arrangements," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 66(4), pages 874-901, July.
    2. Peter Cappelli & J. R. Keller, 2012. "A Study of the Extent and Potential Causes of Alternative Employment Arrangements," NBER Working Papers 18376, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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    Keywords

    Professional employees;

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