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Convergence of Income across Pennsylvania Counties

  • David A. Latzko


    (Pennsylvania State University at York)

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    The neoclassical growth model implies that if two economies have the same preferences and technology, the poorer country will tend to grow faster in per capita terms. The relatively homogeneous counties of Pennsylvania provide an excellent test of the model's convergence predictions. There is no evidence of absolute convergence of income levels among Pennsylvania counties. The divergence between the very highest and very lowest income counties is due to changes in relative county wages. I utilize a set of panel data to properly account for individual effects, and find a conditional convergence rate of 2 percent.

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    Article provided by Eastern Economic Association in its journal Eastern Economic Journal.

    Volume (Year): 28 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 4 (Fall)
    Pages: 499-508

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    Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:28:y:2002:i:4:p:499-508
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    1. Barro, R.J., 1989. "Economic Growth In A Cross Section Of Countries," RCER Working Papers 201, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
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    7. Kevin Lee & M. Hashem Pesaran & Ron Smith, . "Growth and Convergence in a Multi-County empirical Stochastic Solow Model," Discussion Papers in Economics 96/14, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
    8. Caselli, Francesco & Esquivel, Gerardo & Lefort, Fernando, 1996. " Reopening the Convergence Debate: A New Look at Cross-Country Growth Empirics," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(3), pages 363-89, September.
    9. Paul M. Romer, 1994. "The Origins of Endogenous Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(1), pages 3-22, Winter.
    10. Lee, Kevin & Pesaran, M Hashem & Smith, Ron, 1997. "Growth and Convergence in Multi-country Empirical Stochastic Solow Model," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(4), pages 357-92, July-Aug..
    11. Robert J. Barro, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-443.
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