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Born global firms: The differences between their short- and long-term performance drivers

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  • Efrat, Kalanit
  • Shoham, Aviv

Abstract

Globalization has triggered the emergence of a new breed of firms called “Born Globals” (BGs), firms that become international soon after inception. Unlike previous research, the present study distinguishes between BGs’ short- and long-term performance and argues that different drivers affect each type of performance. Data from 107 Israeli BGs shows that their short-term performance is impacted mostly by environmental (external) factors. In contrast, over the long run, internal factors become more crucial to BGs’ survival and success. These time-based differences have important theoretical and practical implications.

Suggested Citation

  • Efrat, Kalanit & Shoham, Aviv, 2012. "Born global firms: The differences between their short- and long-term performance drivers," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 47(4), pages 675-685.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:worbus:v:47:y:2012:i:4:p:675-685
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jwb.2012.01.015
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Rubina Romanello & Maria Chiarvesio, 2016. "The creation of foreign market knowledge across the growth phases of born globals," MERCATI E COMPETITIVITÀ, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2016(3), pages 69-85.
    2. repec:spr:manint:v:54:y:2014:i:4:d:10.1007_s11575-014-0210-y is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:spr:manint:v:54:y:2014:i:4:d:10.1007_s11575-014-0212-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:rom:mancon:v:11:y:2017:i:1:p:269-286 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Gerschewski, Stephan & Xiao, Simon Shufeng, 2015. "Beyond financial indicators: An assessment of the measurement of performance for international new ventures," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 615-629.
    6. Deligianni, Ioanna & Voudouris, Irini & Lioukas, Spyros, 2015. "Growth paths of small technology firms: The effects of different knowledge types over time," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 491-504.
    7. repec:spr:manint:v:54:y:2014:i:4:d:10.1007_s11575-014-0215-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Knight, Gary A. & Liesch, Peter W., 2016. "Internationalization: From incremental to born global," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 93-102.
    9. repec:eee:iburev:v:26:y:2017:i:3:p:527-543 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:bla:ozechr:v:57:y:2017:i:2:p:158-193 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Efrat, Kalanit & Gilboa, Shaked & Yonatany, Moshe, 2017. "When marketing and innovation interact: The case of born-global firms," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 380-390.
    12. repec:spr:manint:v:54:y:2014:i:4:d:10.1007_s11575-014-0214-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Sleuwaegen, Leo & Onkelinx, Jonas, 2014. "International commitment, post-entry growth and survival of international new ventures," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 106-120.
    14. Gerschewski, Stephan & Rose, Elizabeth L. & Lindsay, Valerie J., 2015. "Understanding the drivers of international performance for born global firms: An integrated perspective," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 558-575.
    15. Khalid, Saba & Bhatti, Khalid, 2015. "Entrepreneurial competence in managing partnerships and partnership knowledge exchange: Impact on performance differences in export expansion stages," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 598-608.
    16. repec:spr:manint:v:57:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11575-016-0292-9 is not listed on IDEAS

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