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Leadership and culture in the MENA region: An analysis of the GLOBE project


  • Kabasakal, Hayat
  • Dastmalchian, Ali
  • Karacay, Gaye
  • Bayraktar, Secil


This paper focuses on leadership and culture in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, using data from the GLOBE Project. The results show that cultural practices are manifested by higher in-group collectivism and power distance, whilst cultural values are represented by a common desire for higher performance and future orientation. Examination of the leadership prototypes shows a preference for honest, just and inspirational leadership that encourages loyalty. Further examination of the leadership prototype using cluster analysis produced four sub-clusters of leadership profiles. These revealed the similarities and differences among the MENA region's leadership preferences. Opportunities for further research and implications for managers were discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Kabasakal, Hayat & Dastmalchian, Ali & Karacay, Gaye & Bayraktar, Secil, 2012. "Leadership and culture in the MENA region: An analysis of the GLOBE project," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 47(4), pages 519-529.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:worbus:v:47:y:2012:i:4:p:519-529
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jwb.2012.01.005

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kabasakal, Hayat & Bodur, Muzaffer, 2002. "Arabic cluster: a bridge between East and West," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 40-54, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jorge MONGAY, 2017. "Market Economies Potentialities and Cultural Clusters. A Global and Longitudinal Study," Expert Journal of Economics, Sprint Investify, vol. 5(1), pages 1-13.


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