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Arabic cluster: a bridge between East and West


  • Kabasakal, Hayat
  • Bodur, Muzaffer


The Arabic cluster, consisting of Egypt, Morocco, Turkey, Kuwait, and Qatar is located in the Middle Eastern part of the world. These societies reflect a medium level of Human Development and are rich in oil and mineral resources. They have many commonalities in their societal norms and practices, reflecting their historical, religious, and socio-cultural characteristics. They are all predominantly Muslim, have been under the influence of Europe and Ottoman Empire before gaining their independence, and they share common literature, architecture, and educational background. Societies in the Arabic cluster are found to be highly group-oriented, hierarchical, masculine, and low on future orientation. Outstanding leadership in this cluster includes team-oriented and charismatic attributes. The paper discusses the managerial implications of these findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Kabasakal, Hayat & Bodur, Muzaffer, 2002. "Arabic cluster: a bridge between East and West," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 40-54, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:worbus:v:37:y:2002:i:1:p:40-54

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    9. Ralston, David A. & Egri, Carolyn P. & Riddle, Liesl & Butt, Arif & Dalgic, Tevfik & Brock, David M., 2012. "Managerial values in the greater Middle East: Similarities and differences across seven countries," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 480-492.
    10. Turker, Duygu, 2014. "Analyzing relational sources of power at the interorganizational communication system," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 509-517.
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    17. Kabasakal, Hayat & Dastmalchian, Ali & Karacay, Gaye & Bayraktar, Secil, 2012. "Leadership and culture in the MENA region: An analysis of the GLOBE project," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 47(4), pages 519-529.
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    20. Ahmet H., Kirca, 2011. "The effects of market orientation on subsidiary performance: Empirical evidence from MNCs in Turkey," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 447-454, October.
    21. Berger, Ron & Silbiger, Avi & Herstein, Ram & Barnes, Bradley R., 2015. "Analyzing business-to-business relationships in an Arab context," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 454-464.
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    23. Demirbag, Mehmet & Tatoglu, Ekrem & Glaister, Keith W. & Zaim, Selim, 2010. "Measuring strategic decision making efficiency in different country contexts: A comparison of British and Turkish firms," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 38(1-2), pages 95-104, February.

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