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Arabic cluster: a bridge between East and West


  • Kabasakal, Hayat
  • Bodur, Muzaffer


The Arabic cluster, consisting of Egypt, Morocco, Turkey, Kuwait, and Qatar is located in the Middle Eastern part of the world. These societies reflect a medium level of Human Development and are rich in oil and mineral resources. They have many commonalities in their societal norms and practices, reflecting their historical, religious, and socio-cultural characteristics. They are all predominantly Muslim, have been under the influence of Europe and Ottoman Empire before gaining their independence, and they share common literature, architecture, and educational background. Societies in the Arabic cluster are found to be highly group-oriented, hierarchical, masculine, and low on future orientation. Outstanding leadership in this cluster includes team-oriented and charismatic attributes. The paper discusses the managerial implications of these findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Kabasakal, Hayat & Bodur, Muzaffer, 2002. "Arabic cluster: a bridge between East and West," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 40-54, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:worbus:v:37:y:2002:i:1:p:40-54

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. J. Barkley Rosser, Jr. & Marina Rosser, 1998. "Islamic and Neo-Confucian Perspectives on the New Traditional Economy," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 24(2), pages 217-227, Spring.
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    3. Sungu Armagan & Manuel Portugal Ferreira & Gerardo A. Okhuysen & Adam D. Galinsky, 2009. "Power and temporal commitment preference: An investigation in Portugal, Turkey, and the United States," Working Papers 42, globADVANTAGE, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria.
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    9. Ralston, David A. & Egri, Carolyn P. & Riddle, Liesl & Butt, Arif & Dalgic, Tevfik & Brock, David M., 2012. "Managerial values in the greater Middle East: Similarities and differences across seven countries," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 480-492.
    10. Turker, Duygu, 2014. "Analyzing relational sources of power at the interorganizational communication system," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 509-517.
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    12. Lale Tüzüner, 2014. "Human resource management in Turkey," Chapters,in: The Development of Human Resource Management Across Nations, chapter 17, pages 437-460 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    13. Tim Jacoby & Alpaslan Özerdem, 2008. "The role of the state in the Turkish earthquake of 1999," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(3), pages 297-310.
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    15. Gupta, Vishal K. & Goktan, A. Banu & Gunay, Gonca, 2014. "Gender differences in evaluation of new business opportunity: A stereotype threat perspective," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 273-288.
    16. Kabasakal, Hayat & Dastmalchian, Ali & Karacay, Gaye & Bayraktar, Secil, 2012. "Leadership and culture in the MENA region: An analysis of the GLOBE project," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 47(4), pages 519-529.
    17. Ayman Haddad & Wasim AlShattarat & Naser AbuGhazaleh & Haitham Nobanee, 2015. "The impact of ownership structure and family board domination on voluntary disclosure for Jordanian listed companies," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 5(2), pages 203-234, December.
    18. Al-Khatib, Jamal A. & Vitell, Scott J. & Rexeisen, Richard & Rawwas, Mohammed, 2005. "Inter-country differences of consumer ethics in Arab countries," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 495-516, August.
    19. Ahmet H., Kirca, 2011. "The effects of market orientation on subsidiary performance: Empirical evidence from MNCs in Turkey," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 447-454, October.
    20. Berger, Ron & Silbiger, Avi & Herstein, Ram & Barnes, Bradley R., 2015. "Analyzing business-to-business relationships in an Arab context," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 454-464.
    21. Chen, Yangyang & Dou, Paul Y. & Rhee, S. Ghon & Truong, Cameron & Veeraraghavan, Madhu, 2015. "National culture and corporate cash holdings around the world," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 1-18.
    22. Demirbag, Mehmet & Tatoglu, Ekrem & Glaister, Keith W. & Zaim, Selim, 2010. "Measuring strategic decision making efficiency in different country contexts: A comparison of British and Turkish firms," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 38(1-2), pages 95-104, February.

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