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The UK national cycling strategy: can improved facilities meet the targets?

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  • Wardman, Mark
  • Hatfield, Richard
  • Page, Matthew

Abstract

The Department of Transport's recently launched National Cycling Strategy has the aim of doubling the number of cycle trips by 2002 with a further doubling by 2012. The Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution recommended a quadrupling of cycle trips to 10% of all journeys by 2005. Given the increased level of interest in cycling and the role it could play in alleviating congestion and environmental problems, it is important that there are mode choice models which can evaluate the impact and benefits of investment in cycle schemes. The contribution of the research reported here is in the development of an enhanced mode choice model which examines cycling in a greater level of detail than is typically the case. The Stated Preference model provides values of the benefits of unsegregated cycle lanes and segregated cycle paths. Although investment in such facilities could lead to significant increases in cycle demand, such that even costly investments may be worthwhile in economic terms, our results indicate that they could not on their own achieve target levels of increased cycle use. Unsegregated facilities could not even satisfy the Department of Transport's medium term objective whilst only in the most favourable set of circumstances could segregated facilities achieve the longer term objective, in the commuting market, of a quadrupling of cycle share. Our results indicate, as might be widely expected, that other traffic management and restraint measures are needed in order to achieve target levels of increased cycle use.

Suggested Citation

  • Wardman, Mark & Hatfield, Richard & Page, Matthew, 1997. "The UK national cycling strategy: can improved facilities meet the targets?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 123-133, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:4:y:1997:i:2:p:123-133
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hopkinson, P & Wardman, M, 1996. "Evaluating the demand for new cycle facilities," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 241-249, October.
    2. Noland, Robert B & Kunreuther, Howard, 1995. "Short-run and long-run policies for increasing bicycle transportation for daily commuter trips," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 67-79, January.
    3. McClintock, Hugh & Cleary, Johanna, 1996. "Cycle facilities and cyclists' safety : Experience from Greater Nottingham and lessons for future cycling provision," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 3(1-2), pages 67-77.
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    2. Gatersleben, Birgitta & Appleton, Katherine M., 2007. "Contemplating cycling to work: Attitudes and perceptions in different stages of change," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 302-312, May.
    3. Laird, James & Page, Matthew & Shen, Shujie, 2013. "The value of dedicated cyclist and pedestrian infrastructure on rural roads," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 86-96.
    4. Verma, Meghna & Rahul, T.M. & Vinayak, Pragun & Verma, Ashish, 2018. "Influence of childhood and adulthood attitudinal perceptions on bicycle usage in the Bangalore city," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 94-105.
    5. Wardman, Mark & Tight, Miles & Page, Matthew, 2007. "Factors influencing the propensity to cycle to work," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 339-350, May.
    6. Ruiz, Tomás & Bernabé, José C., 2014. "Measuring factors influencing valuation of nonmotorized improvement measures," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 195-211.
    7. Kang, Lei & Fricker, Jon D., 2016. "Sharing urban sidewalks with bicyclists? An exploratory analysis of pedestrian perceptions and attitudes," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 216-225.
    8. John Parkin & Mark Wardman & Matthew Page, 2008. "Estimation of the determinants of bicycle mode share for the journey to work using census data," Transportation, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 93-109, January.
    9. Ryley, Timothy John, 2008. "The propensity for motorists to walk for short trips: Evidence from West Edinburgh," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 42(4), pages 620-628, May.
    10. Ishaque, Muhammad Moazzam & Noland, Robert B., 2007. "Trade-offs between vehicular and pedestrian traffic using micro-simulation methods," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 124-138, March.
    11. Hyochul Park & Yong Lee & Hee Shin & Keemin Sohn, 2011. "Analyzing the time frame for the transition from leisure-cyclist to commuter-cyclist," Transportation, Springer, vol. 38(2), pages 305-319, March.
    12. Björklund, Gunilla & Isacsson, Gunnar, 2013. "Forecasting the impact of infrastructure on Swedish commuters’ cycling behaviour," Working papers in Transport Economics 2013:36, CTS - Centre for Transport Studies Stockholm (KTH and VTI).
    13. Cleary, J. & McClintock, H., 2000. "Evaluation of the Cycle Challenge project: a case study of the Nottingham Cycle-Friendly Employers' project," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 117-125, April.
    14. Hema S Rayaprolu & Carlos Llorca & Rolf Moeckel, 2020. "Impact of bicycle highways on commuter mode choice: A scenario analysis," Environment and Planning B, , vol. 47(4), pages 662-677, May.

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