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Trade-offs between vehicular and pedestrian traffic using micro-simulation methods


  • Ishaque, Muhammad Moazzam
  • Noland, Robert B.


A simple hypothetical network is analysed using the VISSIM micro-simulation model to study the effects of signal cycle timings on delay and travel time costs for both vehicles and pedestrians in various pedestrian phasing scenarios. To examine cost trade-offs between pedestrians and vehicles various multi-attribute weighting criteria are applied to different components of travel delay using relative values of time. Results show that the policy selection when considering pedestrians may differ from that when just considering vehicular traffic, which is currently standard practice. The multi-criteria analysis approach developed here makes it possible to optimise network performance and costs across all modes of travel.

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  • Ishaque, Muhammad Moazzam & Noland, Robert B., 2007. "Trade-offs between vehicular and pedestrian traffic using micro-simulation methods," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 124-138, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:14:y:2007:i:2:p:124-138

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wardman, Mark, 2004. "Public transport values of time," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 363-377, October.
    2. Brilon, Werner, 1994. "Traffic engineering and the new German highway capacity manual," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 469-481, November.
    3. Wardman, Mark & Hatfield, Richard & Page, Matthew, 1997. "The UK national cycling strategy: can improved facilities meet the targets?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 123-133, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Li, Xiang & Sun, Jian-Qiao, 2015. "Studies of vehicle lane-changing to avoid pedestrians with cellular automata," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 438(C), pages 251-271.
    2. Li, Xiang & Sun, Jian-Qiao, 2014. "Effect of interactions between vehicles and pedestrians on fuel consumption and emissions," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 416(C), pages 661-675.
    3. Li, Xiang & Sun, Jian-Qiao, 2016. "Effects of vehicle–pedestrian interaction and speed limit on traffic performance of intersections," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 460(C), pages 335-347.

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