Departure time, route choice and congestion toll in a queuing network with elastic demand
This paper deals with the modeling of peak-period congestion and optimal pricing in a queuing network with elastic demand. The approach employed in our study is a combined application of the space-time expanded network (STEN) representation of time-varying traffic flow and the conventional network equilibrium modeling techniques. Given the elastic demand function for trips between each origin-destination pair and the schedule delay cost associated with each destination, the departure time and route choice of commuters and the optimal variable tolls of bottlenecks will be determined jointly by solving a system optimization problem over the STEN. Our STEN approach can deal with general queuing network with elastic demand, and allow for treatment of commuter heterogeneity in their work start time and schedule delay cost, and hence make a significant advance over the previous simple bottleneck models of peak-period congestion.
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Volume (Year): 32 (1998)
Issue (Month): 4 (May)
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- Arnott, Richard & de Palma, Andre & Lindsey, Robin, 1993. "A Structural Model of Peak-Period Congestion: A Traffic Bottleneck with Elastic Demand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(1), pages 161-79, March.
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- Small, Kenneth A, 1982. "The Scheduling of Consumer Activities: Work Trips," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 467-79, June.
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- Yang, Hai & Huang, Hai-Jun, 1998. "Principle of marginal-cost pricing: how does it work in a general road network?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 45-54, January.
- Yang, Hai & Hai-Jun, Huang, 1997. "Analysis of the time-varying pricing of a bottleneck with elastic demand using optimal control theory," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 425-440, November.
- Yan, Hai & Lam, William H. K., 1996. "Optimal road tolls under conditions of queueing and congestion," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 319-332, September.
- Ferrari, Paolo, 1995. "Road pricing and network equilibrium," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 29(5), pages 357-372, October.
- Richard Arnott & Andre de Palma & Robin Lindsey, 1995.
"Recent Developments in the Bottleneck Model,"
Boston College Working Papers in Economics
305., Boston College Department of Economics.
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