Traffic jams and the congestion toll
The theory of congestion tolls, in particular, the traffic jam, is developed. A dynamic model of traffic flow is presented that describes the formation and development of the traffic jam based on the theory of kinematic waves. I demonstrate the dynamic externality present when traffic is jammed. Furthermore, I obtained some results that differ from those based on the conventional approach: (a) the cost curve for travel on a long road does not include the backward-bending section that appears in the conventional approach; (b) I allow for traffic jams during optimal use of road.
Volume (Year): 28 (1994)
Issue (Month): 5 (October)
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