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Methodological issues in the estimation of the travel, energy, and air quality impacts of telecommuting

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  • Mokhtarian, Patricia L.
  • Handy, Susan L.
  • Salomon, Ilan

Abstract

This paper addresses methodological issues in the estimation of travel-related impacts of telecommuting, based on findings from eight telecommuting pilot programs. Several of the studies address energy use (both travel-related and home-based) and one provides information on emissions of air pollutants. These findings are analyzed as well. Travel impacts examined include weekday person- and vehicle-miles saved due to a reduction in commuting, overall weekday travel reductions, and other changes in travel patterns for the telecommuter and the household. Some important issues regarding the estimation of these impacts, their use outside of the pilot programs, and their use in estimating energy savings or reductions in emissions are discussed. In particular, it is cautioned that early, short-term findings from small programs with participants unrepresentative of the population as a whole may change considerably as telecommuting moves into the mainstream.

Suggested Citation

  • Mokhtarian, Patricia L. & Handy, Susan L. & Salomon, Ilan, 1995. "Methodological issues in the estimation of the travel, energy, and air quality impacts of telecommuting," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 283-302, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:29:y:1995:i:4:p:283-302
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mokhtarian, Patricia L., 1991. "Telecommuting and Travel: State of the Practice, State of the Art," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt4zc486ph, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Sampath, Srikanth & Saxena, Somitra & Mokhtarian, Patricia L., 1991. "The Effectiveness of Telecommuting as a Transportation Control Measure," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt0km7985p, University of California Transportation Center.
    3. P L Mokhtarian & I Salomon, 1994. "Modeling the Choice of Telecommuting: Setting the Context," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 26(5), pages 749-766, May.
    4. Kitamura, Ryuichi, 1990. "Panel Analysis in Transportation Planning: An Overview," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt86v0f7zh, University of California Transportation Center.
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    Cited by:

    1. Golob, Thomas F., 2002. "travelbehavior.com - Activity Approaches to Modeling the Effects of Information Technology on Personal Travel Behavior," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt9t40s1mc, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Ory, D T & Mokhtarian, Patricia L, 2005. "An Empirical Analysis of Causality in the Relationship between Telecommuting and Residential and Job Relocation," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt9ts7d4j5, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    3. Ory, David T & Mokhtarian, Patricia L, 2005. "The Impact of Telecommuting on Commute Time, Distance, and Speed of State of California Workers," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt8rg6h7gv, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    4. Lee, Taihyeong & Mokhtarian, Patricia L., 2004. "An Input-Output Analysis of the Relationships Between Communications and Travel for Industry," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt55x4h2r2, University of California Transportation Center.
    5. Taihyeong Lee & Patricia Mokhtarian, 2008. "Correlations between industrial demands (direct and total) for communications and transportation in the U.S. economy 1947–1997," Transportation, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 1-22, January.
    6. repec:eee:transa:v:103:y:2017:i:c:p:1-24 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:kap:transp:v:45:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11116-017-9846-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Pengyu Zhu, 2012. "Are telecommuting and personal travel complements or substitutes?," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 48(2), pages 619-639, April.
    9. Fu, Miao & Andrew Kelly, J. & Peter Clinch, J. & King, Fearghal, 2012. "Environmental policy implications of working from home: Modelling the impacts of land-use, infrastructure and socio-demographics," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 416-423.
    10. repec:kap:transp:v:45:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11116-017-9789-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Handy, Susan L, 2002. "Accessibility- vs. Mobility-Enhancing Strategies for Addressing Automobile Dependence in the U.S," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt5kn4s4pb, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    12. Choo, Sangho & Lee, Taihyeong & Mokhtarian, Patricia L, 2006. "Relationships between U.S. Consumer Expenditures on Communications and Travel: 1984-2002," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt1gm08532, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    13. Shafizadeh, Kevan R. & Mokhtarian, Patricia L. & Niemeier, Debbie A. & Salomon, Ilan, 2000. "The Costs and Benefits of Home-Based Telecommuting," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt49c1n7hg, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    14. Ory, D T & Mokhtarian, Patricia L, 2005. "The Impact of Telecommuting on the Commute Time, Distance, and Speed of State of California Workers," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt1fz1b5nz, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    15. Kim, Seung-Nam & Choo, Sangho & Mokhtarian, Patricia L., 2015. "Home-based telecommuting and intra-household interactions in work and non-work travel: A seemingly unrelated censored regression approach," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 197-214.
    16. Shafizadeh, K. & Niemeier, D. & Mokhtarian, P. & Salomon, I., 1998. "The Costs And Benefits Of Telecommuting: An Evaluation Of Macro-scale Literature," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt1f01c191, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    17. Choo, Sangho & Mokhtarian, Patricia L., 2007. "Telecommunications and travel demand and supply: Aggregate structural equation models for the US," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 4-18, January.
    18. Patricia L Mokhtarian & Gustavo O Collantes & Carsten Gertz, 2004. "Telecommuting, residential location, and commute-distance traveled: evidence from State of California employees," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 36(10), pages 1877-1897, October.
    19. Dissanayake, Dilum & Morikawa, Takayuki, 2008. "Impact assessment of satellite centre-based telecommuting on travel and air quality in developing countries by exploring the link between travel behaviour and urban form," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 42(6), pages 883-894, July.
    20. Mokhtarian, Patricia & Meenakshisundaram, Ravikumar, 1999. "Beyond Tele-Substitution: Disaggregate Longitudinal Structural Equations Modeling of Communication Impacts," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt4hg365gh, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.

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