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Effects of Hosting a Sport Event on Destination Brand: A Test of Co-branding and Match-up Models


  • Xing, Xiaoyan
  • Chalip, Laurence


Co-branding theory suggests that pairing an event with a destination will engender some transfer of image between the event and destination brands. The match-up hypothesis predicts that the direction and intensity of image transfer will depend on the quality of fit between event and destination brands. A 3 (activity level of city) x 3 (activity level of sport event) design was used to construct destination advertisements. The print advertisements were shown to a sample of 275 individuals who then rated the city and event on activity and evaluation scales. The presence of any sport event elevated city activity ratings, but event activity ratings were elevated only when the event was paired with a leisurely city. A mismatch of activity ratings negatively affected evaluation of a leisurely city, but the presence of any sport event elevated evaluation of an active city. Evaluation ratings mediated the event's effect on intention to visit the host city. Findings suggest that match-up between events and destinations is determined by priming of schema rather than by shared levels of a characteristic. Findings also suggest that familiarity with a brand may determine whether a paired brand's characteristic is assimilated or is a context for contrast. Implications for future research are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Xing, Xiaoyan & Chalip, Laurence, 2006. "Effects of Hosting a Sport Event on Destination Brand: A Test of Co-branding and Match-up Models," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 49-78, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:spomar:v:9:y:2006:i:1:p:49-78

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:touman:v:52:y:2016:i:c:p:455-467 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Cheng-Jong Lee, 2014. "Effects of sport mega-events on city brand awareness and image: using the 2009 world games in Kaohsiung as an example," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 48(3), pages 1243-1256, May.
    3. Hallmann, Kirstin, 2012. "Women's 2011 Football World Cup: The impact of perceived images of women's soccer and the World Cup 2011 on interest in attending matches," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 33-42.
    4. repec:eee:touman:v:55:y:2016:i:c:p:160-172 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Christian Dragin-Jensen, 2016. "Mutual Image Impacts of Events and Host Destinations: What We Know From Prior Research," Working Papers 122/16, University of Southern Denmark, Department of Sociology, Environmental and Business Economics.


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