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Bivariate relative city price convergence in the United States: 1918-1997

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  • Sonora, Robert J.

Abstract

As in international tests of purchasing power parity, panel unit root tests have been successful in rejecting a unit root process in U.S. city relative prices over the period 1918-1997. However, there is an empirical question of what the rejection of a 'panel unit root', particularly with respect to real exchange rates, means. This paper employs a variety of univariate unit root and cointegration tests which have recently come to the fore. These tests improve the power and reduce size distortion found in standard unit root and cointegration tests such as the Dickey-Fuller and Phillips-Perron tests. I find considerable evidence for rejecting a unit root process in the majority of U.S. city relative prices over the entire sample period and two subperiods. Less successful are stationarity tests conducted on regions of the U.S.

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  • Sonora, Robert J., 2008. "Bivariate relative city price convergence in the United States: 1918-1997," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 92-111.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:revfin:v:17:y:2008:i:2:p:92-111
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    Cited by:

    1. Huang, Ho-Chuan (River) & Liu, Wei-Han & Yeh, Chih-Chuan, 2012. "Convergence in price levels across US cities," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 114(3), pages 245-248.
    2. Bruce Cater & Byron Lew, 2018. "The impact of climate on the law of one price: A test using North American food prices from the 1920s," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 51(4), pages 1191-1220, November.
    3. Sule Akkoyunlu & Boriss Siliverstovs, 2010. "Does the Law of One Price Hold in a High-Inflation Environment?," KOF Working papers 10-248, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
    4. Faik Bilgili, 2016. "City Price Convergence in Turkey with Structural Breaks," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(3), pages 933-941.
    5. Sule Akkoyunlu & Boriss Siliverstovs, 2014. "Does the law of one price hold in a high-inflation environment? A tale of two cities in Turkey," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(26), pages 3236-3245, September.
    6. Lee, Chin, 2015. "Is There Any Regional Price Disparity in Peninsular Malaysia?," MPRA Paper 70592, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Amsler Christine & Schmidt Peter, 2012. "A Comparison of the Robustness of Several Tests of Short Memory to Autocorrelated Errors," Journal of Econometric Methods, De Gruyter, vol. 1(1), pages 56-66, August.
    8. Ho-Chuan Huang & Pei-Chien Lin & Chih-Chuan Yeh, 2011. "Price level convergence across cities? Evidence from panel unit root tests," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(1), pages 87-93.
    9. Burridge, Peter & Iacone, Fabrizio & Lazarová, Štěpána, 2015. "Spatial effects in a common trend model of US city-level CPI," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 87-98.

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