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Environmental and economic sustainability of integrated production in bio-refineries: The thistle case in Sardinia


  • Yazan, Devrim Murat
  • Mandras, Giovanni
  • Garau, Giorgio


This paper aims at evaluating the environmental and economic sustainability of bio-refineries that produce multiple products through their supply chains (SCs). A physical enterprise input-output (EIO) model is used to quantify the material/energy/waste flows and integrated to the monetary EIO model to compute the economic performance of bio-refinery SC (BRSC). The empirical case study is based on a (under-construction) bio-refinery which uses thistle oil and residues to produce bio-monomers, bio-lubricants, glycerine, and thermal energy in Porto Torres industrial district, Sardinia (Italy). Given the impact of uncertainty on the performance of the BRSC, we apply sensitivity analysis on the spatial, logistical, and biomass quality variables, i.e., land productivity, transportation distance, and thistle oil content rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Yazan, Devrim Murat & Mandras, Giovanni & Garau, Giorgio, 2017. "Environmental and economic sustainability of integrated production in bio-refineries: The thistle case in Sardinia," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 102(PB), pages 349-360.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:renene:v:102:y:2017:i:pb:p:349-360
    DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2016.10.055

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Chang K. Seung & Do-Hoon Kim, 2020. "Examining Supply Chain for Seafood Industries Using Structural Path Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(5), pages 1-1, March.
    2. Paladino, O. & Neviani, M., 2018. "A closed loop biowaste to biofuel integrated process fed with waste frying oil, organic waste and algal biomass: Feasibility at pilot scale," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 61-74.
    3. Pulighe, Giuseppe & Bonati, Guido & Colangeli, Marco & Morese, Maria Michela & Traverso, Lorenzo & Lupia, Flavio & Khawaja, Cosette & Janssen, Rainer & Fava, Francesco, 2019. "Ongoing and emerging issues for sustainable bioenergy production on marginal lands in the Mediterranean regions," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 58-70.


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