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Bias correction and refined inferences for fixed effects spatial panel data models

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  • Yang, Zhenlin
  • Yu, Jihai
  • Liu, Shew Fan

Abstract

This paper first presents simple methods for conducting up to third-order bias and variance corrections for the quasi maximum likelihood (QML) estimators of the spatial parameter(s) in the fixed effects spatial panel data (FE-SPD) models. Then, it shows how the bias and variance corrections lead to refined t-ratios for spatial effects and for covariate effects. The implementation of these corrections depends on the proposed bootstrap methods of which validity is established. Monte Carlo results reveal that (i) the QML estimators of the spatial parameters can be quite biased, (ii) a second-order bias correction effectively removes the bias, and (iii) the proposed t-ratios are much more reliable than the usual t-ratios.

Suggested Citation

  • Yang, Zhenlin & Yu, Jihai & Liu, Shew Fan, 2016. "Bias correction and refined inferences for fixed effects spatial panel data models," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 52-72.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:61:y:2016:i:c:p:52-72
    DOI: 10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2016.08.003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:kap:compec:v:53:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s10614-017-9728-y is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Bias correction; Variance correction; Refined t-ratios; Bootstrap; Wild bootstrap; Spatial panels; Fixed effects;

    JEL classification:

    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General

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