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Welfare properties of spatial competition with location-dependent costs

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  • Aiura, Hiroshi
  • Sato, Yasuhiro

Abstract

We analyze a two-firm spatial competition model in which firms must transport raw materials from a raw material site to their locations in order to produce. The model has two equilibrium configurations: (i) a symmetric one in which firms locates equidistantly from the raw material site, and (ii) an asymmetric one in which one firm locates at the raw material site and the other locates distantly from it. We show that these two configurations are possible as multiple equilibria, that the asymmetric equilibrium is more efficient than the symmetric one, and that the social welfare first falls then rises as transport costs decline.

Suggested Citation

  • Aiura, Hiroshi & Sato, Yasuhiro, 2008. "Welfare properties of spatial competition with location-dependent costs," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 32-48, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:38:y:2008:i:1:p:32-48
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Tabuchi, Takatoshi & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 1995. "Asymmetric equilibria in spatial competition," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 213-227.
    2. Ziss, Steffen, 1993. "Entry deterrence, cost advantage and horizontal product differentiation," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 523-543, September.
    3. Matsushima, Noriaki, 2004. "Technology of upstream firms and equilibrium product differentiation," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 22(8-9), pages 1091-1114, November.
    4. Lai, Fu-Chuan & Tsai, Jyh-Fa, 2004. "Duopoly locations and optimal zoning in a small open city," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 614-626, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yen-Ju Lin & Yan-Shu Lin & Kuang-I Tu, 2016. "Strategic input outsourcing and equilibrium location choice," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 56(1), pages 83-99, January.
    2. repec:taf:apeclt:v:23:y:2016:i:12:p:888-896 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Kourandi, Frago & Vettas, Nikolaos, 2010. "Endogenous Spatial Differentiation with Vertical Contracting," CEPR Discussion Papers 7948, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Tan, Zhijia & Li, Wan & Zhang, Xiaoning & Yang, Hai, 2015. "Service charge and capacity selection of an inland river port with location-dependent shipping cost and service congestion," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 13-33.
    5. Yen-Ju Lin & Yan-Shu Lin & Kuang-I Tu, 2016. "Strategic input outsourcing and equilibrium location choice," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 56(1), pages 83-99, January.
    6. Noriaki Matsushima & Tomomichi Mizuno, 2009. "Input specificity and product differentiation," ISER Discussion Paper 0745, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
    7. João Correia-da-Silva & Joana Pinho, 2011. "Costly horizontal differentiation," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer;Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, vol. 10(3), pages 165-188, December.
    8. Fraser Summerfield, 2016. "Matching Skill and Tasks: Cyclical Fluctuations in the Overqualification of New Hires," Working Paper series 16-08, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
    9. Ricardo Biscaia & Paula Sarmento, 2013. "Location Decisions in a Natural Resource Model of Cournot Competition," FEP Working Papers 509, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.

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