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Criticality in a model of banking crises

  • Iori, Giulia
  • Jafarey, Saqib

An interbank market lets participants pool the risk arising from the combination of illiquid investments and random withdrawals by depositors. But it also creates the potential for one bank's failure to trigger off avalanches of further failures. We simulate a model of interbank lending to study the interplay of these two effects. We show that when banks are similar in size and exposure to risk, avalanche effects are small so that widening the interbank market leads to more stability. But as heterogeneity increases, avalanche effects become more important. By varying the heterogeneity and connectivity across banks, the system enters a critical regime with a power law distribution of avalanche sizes.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378437101002977
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications.

Volume (Year): 299 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 205-212

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Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:299:y:2001:i:1:p:205-212
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/physica-a-statistical-mechpplications/

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