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Tax competition and FDI: The special case of developing countries

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  • Azémar, Céline
  • Delios, Andrew

Abstract

According to the foreign direct investment (FDI) literature, the elasticities between FDI and its determinants vary considerably with the level of host country development. This may be a major concern when dealing with the influence of corporate tax rates on FDI in developing countries, since most studies concentrate on developed countries. Using data on Japanese firm location choices between 1990 and 2000, we contrast differences in regional tax rates in order to reveal an asymmetry between developed and developing countries. By looking at the interaction effects between Japan and host developing countries' tax systems, we also put forward the idea that special tax sparing provisions signed with Japan can alter the effect of host country taxes on Japanese firms' location choices. Finally, we find that even though tax competition can be strong in developing countries, this competition should not lead to an effective rate of zero taxation for these countries in their competition for FDI inflows. J. Japanese Int. Economies 22 (1) (2008) 85-108.

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  • Azémar, Céline & Delios, Andrew, 2008. "Tax competition and FDI: The special case of developing countries," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 85-108, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jjieco:v:22:y:2008:i:1:p:85-108
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    2. Alexander Klemm & Stefan Parys, 2012. "Empirical evidence on the effects of tax incentives," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 19(3), pages 393-423, June.
    3. Cooray, Arusha & Tamazian, Artur & Vadlamannati, Krishna Chaitanya, 2014. "What drives FDI policy liberalization? An empirical investigation," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 179-189.
    4. Mardan, Mohammed & Stimmelmayr, Michael, 2020. "Tax competition between developed, emerging, and developing countries – Same same but different?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 146(C).
    5. Céline Azémar & Gregory Corcos, 2009. "Multinational Firms’ Heterogeneity in Tax Responsiveness: The Role of Transfer Pricing," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(9), pages 1291-1318, September.
    6. Céline Azémar & Rodolphe Desbordes, 2010. "Short‐run Strategies for Attracting Foreign Direct Investment," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(7), pages 928-957, July.
    7. Azemar, Celine & Corcos, Gregory, 2008. "Multinational Firms’ Heterogeneity in Tax Responsiveness: the Role of Transfer Pricing," SIRE Discussion Papers 2008-08, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
    8. Athiphat Muthitacharoen, 2018. "Location Choice and Tax Responsiveness of Foreign Multinationals: Evidence from Asean Countries," PIER Discussion Papers 95, Puey Ungphakorn Institute for Economic Research, revised Jul 2022.
    9. Mian Sajid Nazir & Qaisar Hafeez & Salah U‐Din, 2022. "Did reduction in corporate tax rate attract FDI in Pakistan?," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(2), pages 2256-2267, April.
    10. Azémar, Céline & Desbordes, Rodolphe & Wooton, Ian, 2020. "Is international tax competition only about taxes? A market-based perspective," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(4), pages 891-912.
    11. Obeng, Camara Kwasi, 2014. "Effect of corporate tax on sector specific foreign direct investment in Ghana," MPRA Paper 58454, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Paulo Elicha Tembe & Kangning Xu, 2012. "Attracting Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries: Determinants and Policies-A Comparative Study between Mozambique and China," International Journal of Financial Research, International Journal of Financial Research, Sciedu Press, vol. 3(4), pages 69-81, October.
    13. Athiphat Muthitacharoen, 2017. "Assessing the Importance of Taxation on FDI: Evidence from South-East Asian Developing Countries," PIER Discussion Papers 65, Puey Ungphakorn Institute for Economic Research.
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