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Portfolio greenness and the financial performance of REITs

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  • Eichholtz, Piet
  • Kok, Nils
  • Yonder, Erkan

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of the energy efficiency and sustainability of commercial properties on the operating and stock performance of a sample of US REITs, providing insight into the net benefits of green buildings. We match data on LEED- and Energy Star-certified buildings with detailed information on REIT portfolios and calculate the share of green properties for each REIT over the 2000–2011 period. We estimate a two-stage regression model and document that the greenness of REITs is positively related to three measures of operating performance – return on assets, return on equity and the ratio of funds from operations to total revenue. We also document that there is no significant relationship between the greenness of property portfolios and abnormal stock returns, suggesting that stock prices already reflect the higher cash flows deriving from investments in more efficient properties. However, REITs with a higher fraction of green properties display significantly lower market betas.

Suggested Citation

  • Eichholtz, Piet & Kok, Nils & Yonder, Erkan, 2012. "Portfolio greenness and the financial performance of REITs," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 1911-1929.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:31:y:2012:i:7:p:1911-1929
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2012.05.014
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Rasa Apanavičienė & Ala Daugėlienė & Tautvydas Baltramonaitis & Vida Maliene, 2015. "Sustainability Aspects of Real Estate Development: Lithuanian Case Study of Sports and Entertainment Arenas," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(6), pages 1-26, May.
    2. Rogerson Jayne M., 2014. "Green commercial property development in urban South Africa: emerging trends, emerging geographies," Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, De Gruyter Open, vol. 26(26), pages 1-14, December.
    3. repec:eee:quaeco:v:66:y:2017:i:c:p:13-20 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Deng, Yongheng & Wu, Jing, 2014. "Economic returns to residential green building investment: The developers' perspective," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 35-44.
    5. Borgers, Arian & Derwall, Jeroen & Koedijk, Kees & ter Horst, Jenke, 2015. "Do Social Factors Influence Investment Behaviour and Performance? Evidence from Mutual Fund Holdings," CEPR Discussion Papers 10740, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Patricia Crifo & Marc-Arthur Diaye & Rim Oueghlissi, 2014. "Measuring the effect of government ESG performance on sovereign borrowing cost," CIRANO Working Papers 2014s-37, CIRANO.
    7. Auer, Benjamin R. & Schuhmacher, Frank, 2016. "Do socially (ir)responsible investments pay? New evidence from international ESG data," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 51-62.
    8. Parkinson, Aidan & De Jong, Robert & Cooke, Alison & Guthrie, Peter, 2013. "Energy performance certification as a signal of workplace quality," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1493-1505.
    9. Avis Devine & Eva Steiner & Erkan Yonder, 2017. "Decomposing the Value Effects of Sustainable Investment: International Evidence," ERES eres2017_517, European Real Estate Society (ERES).
    10. Borgers, Arian & Derwall, Jeroen & Koedijk, Kees & ter Horst, Jenke, 2015. "Do social factors influence investment behavior and performance? Evidence from mutual fund holdings," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 112-126.
    11. Fuerst, Franz & Gabrieli, Tommaso & McAllister, Patrick, 2017. "A green winner's curse? Investor behavior in the market for eco-certified office buildings," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 137-146.
    12. Avis Devine & Eva Steiner & Erkan Yonder, 2017. "Decomposing the Value Effects of Sustainable Investment: International Evidence," ERES eres2017_346, European Real Estate Society (ERES).
    13. McGrath, Karen, 2014. "Does Increased Investment in Responsible Properties Lead to Better Corporate Performance?," MPRA Paper 57767, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Aug 2014.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Energy efficiency; Real estate; REITs; LEED; Energy Star;

    JEL classification:

    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility
    • D92 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Intertemporal Firm Choice, Investment, Capacity, and Financing

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