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Macroeconomic uncertainty and performance in the European Union


  • Bredin, Don
  • Fountas, Stilianos


We use a very general bivariate GARCH-M model and monthly data on EU countries covering the 1962-2003 period to test for the impact of real (output growth) and nominal (inflation) macroeconomic uncertainty on inflation and output growth. Our evidence supports a number of important conclusions. First, in the majority of countries uncertainty regarding the output growth rate is related to the average growth rate and the effect in several countries is negative. Second, in half of the cases there is no significant relationship between inflation uncertainty and output growth performance. Third, inflation and output uncertainty have a mixed effect on inflation. Nevertheless, considerable evidence for the Cukierman-Meltzer hypothesis is obtained. Our conclusions are based on adopting both a structural and a reduced-form bivariate GARCH model. Finally, we also find statistically significant evidence of regime switching for both inflation and output growth volatility throughout the sample.

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  • Bredin, Don & Fountas, Stilianos, 2009. "Macroeconomic uncertainty and performance in the European Union," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 972-986, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:28:y:2009:i:6:p:972-986

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Elena Andreou & Alessandra Pelloni & Marianne Sensier, 2008. "Is Volatility Good for Growth? Evidence from the G7," The School of Economics Discussion Paper Series 0804, Economics, The University of Manchester.
    2. Barbara Annicchiarico & Alessandra Pelloni, 2014. "Productivity growth and volatility: how important are wage and price rigidities?," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 66(1), pages 306-324, January.
    3. Schmidt, Torsten & Zwick, Lina, 2015. "Uncertainty and episodes of extreme capital flows in the Euro Area," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 343-356.
    4. Dr. Gulnihal Aksoy & Prof. Dr. Don Bredin & Deirdre Corcoran & Stilianos Fountas, 2017. "Relative Price Dispersion and Inflation: Evidence for the UK and the US," Credit and Capital Markets, Credit and Capital Markets, vol. 50(1), pages 3-24.
    5. Tino Berger & Sibylle Grabert & Bernd Kempa, 2016. "Global and Country-Specific Output Growth Uncertainty and Macroeconomic Performance," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 78(5), pages 694-716, October.
    6. Maria Christidou & Stilianos Fountas, 2017. "Uncertainty in the housing market: Evidence from the US states," Discussion Paper Series 2017_08, Department of Economics, University of Macedonia, revised Aug 2017.
    7. Neanidis, Kyriakos C. & Savva, Christos S., 2011. "Nominal uncertainty and inflation: The role of European Union membership," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 112(1), pages 26-30, July.
    8. Don Bredin & Stilianos Fountas, 2011. "US Infl ation and infl ation uncertainty in a historical perspective: The impact of recessions," Working Papers 201053, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
    9. Wensheng, Kang & Ratti, Ronald & Vespignani, Joaquin, 2017. "Impact of Global Uncertainty on the Global Economy and Large Developed and Developing Economies," MPRA Paper 82188, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Kang, Wensheng & Ratti, Ronald. A. & Vespignani, Joaquin, 2016. "Global uncertainty and the global economy: Decomposing the impact of uncertainty shocks," Working Papers 2016-01, University of Tasmania, Tasmanian School of Business and Economics.
    11. Neanidis, Kyriakos C. & Savva, Christos S., 2013. "Macroeconomic uncertainty, inflation and growth: Regime-dependent effects in the G7," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 81-92.
    12. Wensheng Kang & Ronald A. Ratti & Joaquin Vespignani, 2017. "The impact of global uncertainty on the global economy, and large developed and developing economies," CAMA Working Papers 2017-09, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    13. Dimitrios Bakas & Georgios Chortareas & Georgios Magkonis, 2017. "Volatility and Growth: A not so straightforward relationship," Working Paper series 17-12, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
    14. Goulas, Eleftherios & Zervoyianni, Athina, 2013. "Growth, deficits and uncertainty: Theoretical aspects and empirical evidence from a panel of 27 countries," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(4), pages 380-392.
    15. Torsten Schmidt & Lina Zwick, 2013. "Uncertainty and Episodes of Extreme Capital Flows in the Euro Area," Ruhr Economic Papers 0461, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    16. Wang, Yizhong & Chen, Carl R. & Chen, Lifang & Huang, Ying Sophie, 2016. "Overinvestment, inflation uncertainty, and managerial overconfidence: Firm level analysis of Chinese corporations," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 54-69.
    17. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:75-93 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Said Zamin Shah & Said Zamin Shah & Ahmad Zubaidi Baharumshah & Muzafar Shah Habibullah & Law Siong Hook, 2017. "The Asymmetric Effects of Real and Nominal Uncertainty on Inflation and Output Growth: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 7(1), pages 377-386.
    19. Eleftherios Goulas & Athina Zervoyianni, 2013. "Growth, Deficits and Uncertainty: Theoretical Aspects and Empirical Evidence," Working Paper series 53_13, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
    20. Trypsteen, Steven, 2017. "The growth-volatility nexus: New evidence from an augmented GARCH-M model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 15-25.
    21. repec:zbw:rwirep:0461 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Hartmann, Matthias & Roestel, Jan, 2013. "Inflation, output and uncertainty in the era of inflation targeting – A multi-economy view on causal linkages," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 98-112.


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