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Corporate ownership and control contestability in emerging markets: The case of Colombia

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  • Gutiérrez, Luis H.
  • Pombo, Carlos

Abstract

This study examines the structure of voting control and blockholders' contestability for a sample of 233 non-financial listed firms in Colombia during 1996-2004. Corporate control is characterized by high ownership concentration and blockholder power, which implies low separation ratios between cash flow rights and voting rights. On average the separation ratios for the largest voting block is 0.95, while that for the fourth largest shareholder is 0.75. Corporate control is privately biased when there is direct monitoring of firm management by controlling owners. Regression results show that a more equal distribution of equity among large blockholders has a positive effect on firm value. Contestability matters most when firm shares are liquid and actively traded on the stock market. This finding is reinforced when the probability that the largest block can form a winning coalition decreases and performance variables, such as market to sales ratio and return on equity, are included in the estimating equations as substitutes for firm value. In addition, our estimations provide evidence that diversion of rents (tunneling) is limited by blockholders' contestability.

Suggested Citation

  • Gutiérrez, Luis H. & Pombo, Carlos, 2009. "Corporate ownership and control contestability in emerging markets: The case of Colombia," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 112-139.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jebusi:v:61:y:2009:i:2:p:112-139
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    Cited by:

    1. Velloso, Helvia & Núñez Reyes, Georgina, 2009. "El papel de la gobernanza corporativa en la recuperación y desarrollo de los mercados de capital en Estados Unidos," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 2012, December.
    2. González, Maximiliano & Guzmán, Alexander & Pombo, Carlos & Trujillo, María Andréa, 2012. "Family involvement and dividend policy in listed and non-listed firms," Galeras. Working Papers Series 034, Universidad de Los Andes. Facultad de Administración. School of Management.
    3. Paula, Germano M. de, 2009. "Gobernanza corporativa, políticas públicas, mercado de capitales e inversiones extranjeras," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 2010, December.
    4. De-la-Hoz, Maria Camila & Pombo, Carlos, 2016. "Institutional investor heterogeneity and firm valuation: Evidence from Latin America," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 197-221.
    5. González, Maximiliano & Guzmán, Alexander & Pombo, Carlos & Trujillo, María Andréa, 2013. "Corporate governance mechanisms in family firms: Evidence from CEO turnovers," Galeras. Working Papers Series 037, Universidad de Los Andes. Facultad de Administración. School of Management.
    6. González, Maximiliano & Guzmán, Alexander & Pombo, Carlos & Trujillo, María-Andrea, 2013. "Family firms and debt: Risk aversion versus risk of losing control," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(11), pages 2308-2320.
    7. Di Cai & Jin-hui Luo & Di-fang Wan, 2012. "Family CEOs: Do they benefit firm performance in China?," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 29(4), pages 923-947, December.
    8. Viscencio Brambila, Héctor, 2009. "Gobernanza corporativa: el caso de México," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 2017, December.
    9. González, Maximiliano & Guzmán, Alexander & Pombo, Carlos & Trujillo, María-Andrea, 2012. "Family firms and financial performance: The cost of growing," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 626-649.
    10. repec:eee:reveco:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:214-234 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Pombo, Carlos & Gutiérrez, Luis H., 2011. "Outside directors, board interlocks and firm performance: Empirical evidence from Colombian business groups," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 63(4), pages 251-277, July.
    12. Pombo, Carlos & De la hoz, María Camila, 2015. "Institutional Investors and Firm Valuation: Evidence from Latin America," Galeras. Working Papers Series 040, Universidad de Los Andes. Facultad de Administración. School of Management.
    13. Gutiérrez, Luis & Pombo, Carlos, 2008. "Capital markets and corporate governance in Colombia," Galeras. Working Papers Series 025, Universidad de Los Andes. Facultad de Administración. School of Management.
    14. Christian Espinosa & Carlos Maquieira, 2010. "Productivity: Sensibilidad del Flujo de Caja sobre la Inversión en Sudamérica: Evidencia para Chile," Working Papers 15, Facultad de Economía y Empresa, Universidad Diego Portales.
    15. Clarke, Alvaro, 2009. "Buenos gobiernos corporativos para los negocios: el caso de Chile," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 2015, December.
    16. Paula, Germano M. de, 2009. "Gobernanza corporativa y mercado de capitales en Brasil," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 2013, December.
    17. Pombo, Carlos & Gutiérrez, Luis H., 2009. "Mercados de capitales y gobernanza corporativa en Colombia," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 2016, December.
    18. Pombo, Carlos & Taborda, Rodrigo, 2017. "Stock liquidity and second blockholder as drivers of corporate value: Evidence from Latin America," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 214-234.
    19. López-de-Silanes, Florencio, 2009. "Gobierno corporativo y mercados financieros en la OCDE y América Latina: lecciones para los cambios regulatorios después de la crisis financiera," Copublicaciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 2011, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Corporate control Multiple blockholders Corporate governance Firm value Colombian corporations;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure

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