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Clearing networks

Author

Listed:
  • Galbiati, Marco
  • Soramäki, Kimmo

Abstract

In several financial markets, counterparty risk is reallocated away from traders via ‘novation’, a step of the clearing process. By novation, a third party steps into a bilateral contract, guaranteeing performance of both legs of the trade. Central counterparties (CCPs) are entities whose special purpose is novating trades, relieving market participants from counterparty risk. However, in most cases, the CCP is not the sole novator: the CCP novates contracts between its clearing members, which in turn novate trades for other (typically smaller) participants and so on.

Suggested Citation

  • Galbiati, Marco & Soramäki, Kimmo, 2012. "Clearing networks," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 83(3), pages 609-626.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:83:y:2012:i:3:p:609-626
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2012.05.013
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. He, Fang & Chen, Xi, 2016. "Credit networks and systemic risk of Chinese local financing platforms: Too central or too big to fail?," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 461(C), pages 158-170.
    2. Dror Kenett & Shlomo Havlin, 2015. "Network science: a useful tool in economics and finance," Mind & Society: Cognitive Studies in Economics and Social Sciences, Springer;Fondazione Rosselli, vol. 14(2), pages 155-167, November.
    3. De Genaro, Alan, 2016. "Systematic multi-period stress scenarios with an application to CCP risk management," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 119-134.
    4. Garratt, Rod & Zimmerman, Peter, 2015. "Does central clearing reduce counterparty risk in realistic financial networks?," Staff Reports 717, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    5. Levy-Carciente, Sary & Kenett, Dror Y. & Avakian, Adam & Stanley, H. Eugene & Havlin, Shlomo, 2015. "Dynamical macroprudential stress testing using network theory," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 164-181.
    6. O. de Bandt & J.-C. Héam & C. Labonne & S. Tavolaro, 2013. "Measuring Systemic Risk in a Post-Crisis World," Débats économiques et financiers 6, Banque de France.
    7. Garratt, Rodney, 2016. "Centralized netting in financial networks," University of California at Santa Barbara, Economics Working Paper Series qt79t1q6cg, Department of Economics, UC Santa Barbara.
    8. Jenna Birch & Athanasios A. Pantelous & Kimmo Soramäki, 2016. "Analysis of Correlation Based Networks Representing DAX 30 Stock Price Returns," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 47(4), pages 501-525, April.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Central counterparty; CCP; Clearing; Settlement; Network analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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