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Clearing networks

Author

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  • Galbiati, Marco
  • Soramäki, Kimmo

Abstract

In several financial markets, counterparty risk is reallocated away from traders via ‘novation’, a step of the clearing process. By novation, a third party steps into a bilateral contract, guaranteeing performance of both legs of the trade. Central counterparties (CCPs) are entities whose special purpose is novating trades, relieving market participants from counterparty risk. However, in most cases, the CCP is not the sole novator: the CCP novates contracts between its clearing members, which in turn novate trades for other (typically smaller) participants and so on.

Suggested Citation

  • Galbiati, Marco & Soramäki, Kimmo, 2012. "Clearing networks," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 83(3), pages 609-626.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:83:y:2012:i:3:p:609-626
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2012.05.013
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kei-Ichiro Inaba, 2018. "Liquidity and Pricing of Credit Default Swaps in Japan: Evidence from a Benchmark Index for Corporate Debt Claims," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 54(1), pages 111-143, August.
    2. Hitoshi Hayakawa, 2018. "Does a central clearing counterparty reduce liquidity needs?," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 13(1), pages 9-50, April.
    3. Andre R. Neveu, 2018. "A survey of network-based analysis and systemic risk measurement," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 13(2), pages 241-281, July.
    4. Garratt, Rodney & Zimmerman, Peter, 2020. "Centralized netting in financial networks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 112(C).
    5. He, Fang & Chen, Xi, 2016. "Credit networks and systemic risk of Chinese local financing platforms: Too central or too big to fail?," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 461(C), pages 158-170.
    6. Dror Kenett & Shlomo Havlin, 2015. "Network science: a useful tool in economics and finance," Mind & Society: Cognitive Studies in Economics and Social Sciences, Springer;Fondazione Rosselli, vol. 14(2), pages 155-167, November.
    7. Ricardo Mariño-Martínez & Carlos León & Carlos Cadena-Silva, 2020. "Las entidades de contrapartida central en la mitigación del riesgo de contraparte y de liquidez: El caso de los derivados cambiarios en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 1101, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    8. O. de Bandt & J.-C. Héam & C. Labonne & S. Tavolaro, 2013. "Measuring Systemic Risk in a Post-Crisis World," Débats économiques et financiers 6, Banque de France.
    9. Levy-Carciente, Sary & Kenett, Dror Y. & Avakian, Adam & Stanley, H. Eugene & Havlin, Shlomo, 2015. "Dynamical macroprudential stress testing using network theory," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 164-181.
    10. Rod Garratt & Peter Zimmerman, 2015. "Does central clearing reduce counterparty risk in realistic financial networks?," Staff Reports 717, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    11. Dror Y. Kenett & Sary Levy-Carciente & Adam Avakian & H. Eugene Stanley & Shlomo Havlin, 2015. "Dynamical Macroprudential Stress Testing Using Network Theory," Working Papers 15-12, Office of Financial Research, US Department of the Treasury.
    12. Jenna Birch & Athanasios A. Pantelous & Kimmo Soramäki, 2016. "Analysis of Correlation Based Networks Representing DAX 30 Stock Price Returns," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 47(4), pages 501-525, April.
    13. De Genaro, Alan, 2016. "Systematic multi-period stress scenarios with an application to CCP risk management," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 119-134.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Central counterparty; CCP; Clearing; Settlement; Network analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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