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Earned/contributed capital, dividend policy, and disclosure quality: An international study

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  • Brockman, Paul
  • Unlu, Emre

Abstract

We examine the agency cost version of the lifecycle theory of dividends by taking advantage of cross-country variations in disclosure environments. The outcome hypothesis posits that transparent disclosure environments lead to higher dividend payouts because shareholders can more accurately measure (and therefore demand) excess cash flows. In contrast, the substitute hypothesis argues that opaque disclosure environments lead to higher payouts because managers have stronger incentives to establish their reputation for fair treatment. Our empirical results confirm both hypotheses and contribute to the literature in two primary ways. First, we confirm that the lifecycle theory of dividends explains dividend payout patterns around the world. Second, and more important, we show that the firm's disclosure environment plays a significant role in dividend payouts through its effect on agency costs; that is, we confirm an agency cost-inclusive lifecycle theory of dividends.

Suggested Citation

  • Brockman, Paul & Unlu, Emre, 2011. "Earned/contributed capital, dividend policy, and disclosure quality: An international study," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 1610-1625, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:35:y:2011:i:7:p:1610-1625
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:intfin:v:49:y:2017:i:c:p:154-172 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Ashraf, Badar Nadeem & Bibi, Bushra & Zheng, Changjun, 2016. "How to regulate bank dividends? Is capital regulation an answer?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 281-293.
    3. Thomas O'Connor & Julie Byrne, 2015. "Governance and the corporate life-cycle," International Journal of Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 11(1), pages 23-43, February.
    4. Byrne, Julie & O’Connor, Thomas, 2012. "Creditor rights and the outcome model of dividends," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 227-242.
    5. Frantisek Sejkora, 2016. "Prediction model of dividend payment of Czech joint stock companies," International Journal of Entrepreneurial Knowledge, VSP Ostrava, a. s., vol. 4(2), pages 51-61, December.
    6. Erkan, Asligul & Fainshmidt, Stav & Judge, William Q., 2016. "Variance decomposition of the country, industry, firm, and firm-year effects on dividend policy," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 1309-1320.
    7. Byrne, Julie & O’Connor, Thomas, 2017. "Creditor rights, culture and dividend payout policy," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, pages 60-77.
    8. Flavin, Thomas & O'Connor, Thomas, 2017. "Reputation building and the lifecycle model of dividends," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, pages 177-190.
    9. repec:eee:glofin:v:34:y:2017:i:c:p:1-15 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Benoît D'Udekem, 2014. "Rational Dividend Addiction in Banking," Working Papers CEB 14-013, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    11. Laetitia Lepetit & Céline Meslier-Crouzille & Leo Indra Wardhana, 2015. "Do Asymmetric Information and Ownership Structure Matter for Dividend Payout Decisions? Evidence from European Banks," Working Papers hal-01186722, HAL.
    12. Benavides, Julian & Berggrun, Luis & Perafan, Hector, 2016. "Dividend payout policies: Evidence from Latin America," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 17(C), pages 197-210.
    13. Thomas O'Connor & Julie Byrne, 2017. "How do creditors respond to disclosure quality? Evidence from corporate dividend payouts," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n278-17.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    14. Thomas O'Connor, 2012. "Dividend payout and corporate governance along the corporate life-cycle," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n228-12.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    15. Thomas O'Connor & Julie Byrne, 2012. "Shareholder and creditor legal rights and the outcome model of dividends," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n225-12.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    16. Goyal, Abhinav & Muckley, Cal, 2013. "Cash dividends and investor protection in Asia," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 31-43.

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