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US Commercial airline performance after September 11, 2001: decomposing the effect of the terrorist attack from macroeconomic influences


  • Guzhva, Vitaly S
  • Pagiavlas, Notis


The US airlines’ revenue passenger miles series are examined to objectively assess the effect of the September 11th terrorist attack on the performance of the industry controlling for the general economic conditions. A Vector Autoregression model (VAR) with revenue passenger mile and real gross domestic product series is utilized. The estimated effect of the attack supports the federal government's appropriation of $5 billion cash compensation to the airlines. Analysis at the individual air carrier level confirms that not all the US major and regional airlines were affected in the same manner. United, Northwest, US Airways, and Delta account for more than 63% of the aggregate decline in the US airline industry performance. Three air carriers: JetBlue, Aloha and Atlantic Southeast were able to significantly improve their performance immediately following the September 11th attack.

Suggested Citation

  • Guzhva, Vitaly S & Pagiavlas, Notis, 2004. "US Commercial airline performance after September 11, 2001: decomposing the effect of the terrorist attack from macroeconomic influences," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 327-332.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jaitra:v:10:y:2004:i:5:p:327-332
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2004.05.002

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sims, Christopher A, 1980. "Macroeconomics and Reality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(1), pages 1-48, January.
    2. Feng, Cheng-Min & Wang, Rong-Tsu, 2000. "Performance evaluation for airlines including the consideration of financial ratios," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 133-142.
    3. Perron, Pierre, 1989. "The Great Crash, the Oil Price Shock, and the Unit Root Hypothesis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(6), pages 1361-1401, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:dau:papers:123456789/6792 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Charles, Amelie & Darne, Olivier, 2006. "Large shocks and the September 11th terrorist attacks on international stock markets," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 683-698, July.
    3. Jenatabadi, Hashem Salarzadeh & Ismail, Noor Azina, 2014. "Application of structural equation modelling for estimating airline performance," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 25-33.
    4. repec:dau:papers:123456789/6794 is not listed on IDEAS


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