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The microfoundations of cluster stickiness--walking in the shoes of the entrepreneur


  • Zander, Ivo


This paper offers a microlevel explanation for the uneven spatial and sectoral concentration of firms across national boundaries. Focusing on the geographical movements of (prospective) entrepreneurs and the cognitive processes that underlie new business formation, it is suggested that powerful forces work against the entrepreneur's active response to business opportunities that present themselves in geographically distant locations. As a result, clusters tend to evolve in locally distinct ways and over time maintain their unique business and technological profiles. The entrepreneurship perspective offers an explanation for cluster stickiness, which differs from and broadens the cost-benefit reasoning that currently dominates the economic geography literature.

Suggested Citation

  • Zander, Ivo, 2004. "The microfoundations of cluster stickiness--walking in the shoes of the entrepreneur," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 151-175.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intman:v:10:y:2004:i:2:p:151-175

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Tuija Mainela & Vesa Puhakka & Per Servais, 2015. "Boundary crossing for international opportunities," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 13(3), pages 173-185, September.
    2. repec:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s11187-017-9871-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Backman, Mikaela & Karlsson, Charlie, 2015. "The location of new firms - Influence of commuting behaviour," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 404, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    4. repec:eee:intman:v:23:y:2017:i:3:p:292-305 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Dirk Dohse & Sascha Walter, 2012. "Knowledge context and entrepreneurial intentions among students," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 39(4), pages 877-895, November.


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