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Framing energy efficiency and renewable energy policies: An international comparison between Mexico and China


  • Valenzuela, Jose Maria
  • Qi, Ye


This essay compares national strategies on mitigation of GHG emissions for Mexico and China. This state-centered analysis stresses the importance of the interaction between international commitments, the disposition of internal interest of economy-wide actors, and the legacies of policy making and institutions, particularly in relation to economic development and central–local government relations. This research does not attempt to classify institutions according to their effectives to foster climate change policies, but rather explores specific circumstances for climate change policy making on developing countries. Contrary to international proposal to find a generic optimal policy choice, the research explored the relevance of certain political and economic institutions that can be present in other national cases. It shows that the legacies on liberalization and state retreat undermine the state ability to effectively engage with the economic actors on decisions and management. Likewise regular engagement with them undermines the state affinity towards pursuing economic efficient solutions. The relevance of adequate system of incentives for local government to engage in an agenda that is, by nature, adopted by the central government.

Suggested Citation

  • Valenzuela, Jose Maria & Qi, Ye, 2012. "Framing energy efficiency and renewable energy policies: An international comparison between Mexico and China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 128-137.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:51:y:2012:i:c:p:128-137
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2012.03.083

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jinghai Zheng & Angang Hu & Arne Bigsten, 2009. "Potential output in a rapidly developing economy: the case of China and a comparison with the United States and the European Union," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Jul, pages 317-342.
    2. Stephanie Boulenger & John Nixon & Michael Drummond & Philippe Ulmann & Stephen Rice & Gerard Pouvourville, 2005. "Can economic evaluations be made more transferable?," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 6(4), pages 334-346, December.
    3. -, 2005. "Evaluaciones del desempeño ambiental: Chile," Coediciones, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 1288 edited by Cepal, March.
    4. Siu-Pan Li & Barry F Will, 2005. "A fuzzy logic system for visual evaluation," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 32(2), pages 293-304, March.
    5. Xuedu Lu & Jiahua Pan & Ying Chen, 2006. "Sustaining Economic Growth in China under Energy and Climate Security Constraints," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 14(6), pages 85-97.
    6. Li, Runze & Chow, Mosuk, 2005. "Evaluation of reproducibility for paired functional data," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 93(1), pages 81-101, March.
    7. Oliver, Hongyan H. & Gallagher, Kelly Sims & Tian, Donglian & Zhang, Jinhua, 2009. "China's fuel economy standards for passenger vehicles: Rationale, policy process, and impacts," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4720-4729, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Cao, Xun & Kleit, Andrew & Liu, Chuyu, 2016. "Why invest in wind energy? Career incentives and Chinese renewable energy politics," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 120-131.
    2. Never, Babette & Betz, Joachim, 2014. "Comparing the Climate Policy Performance of Emerging Economies," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1-15.
    3. Zeng, Ming & Duan, Jinhui & Wang, Liang & Zhang, Yingjie & Xue, Song, 2015. "Orderly grid connection of renewable energy generation in China: Management mode, existing problems and solutions," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 14-28.
    4. Jinpeng Liu & Li Wang & Mohan Qiu & Jiang Zhu, 2016. "Promotion Potentiality and Optimal Strategies Analysis of Provincial Energy Efficiency in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-17, August.


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