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Metering: EU policy and implications for fuel poor households


  • Darby, Sarah J.


Fuel poverty is a function of household energy consumption, income, and the cost of delivered energy. The paper discusses ways in which current EU policy on the development of ‘smart’ metering could affect fuel poor households. The main focus is on developments in electricity metering and the development of ‘active demand’ and smart grids, so that demand can be matched closely with available supply. Advances in metering and related technologies open the way to time-of-use charging, easier switching between suppliers and between credit payment and prepayment, direct load control of some end-uses by the utility, greater scope for microgeneration, and improved consumption feedback for customers. These options open up both uncertainties and risks.

Suggested Citation

  • Darby, Sarah J., 2012. "Metering: EU policy and implications for fuel poor households," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 98-106.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:49:y:2012:i:c:p:98-106
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2011.11.065

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Scarpellini, Sabina & Sanz Hernández, M. Alexia & Llera-Sastresa, Eva & Aranda, Juan A. & López Rodríguez, María Esther, 2017. "The mediating role of social workers in the implementation of regional policies targeting energy poverty," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 367-375.
    2. Nadine Schreiner, 2015. "Auf der Suche nach Energiearmut: eine Potentialanalyse des Low-Income-High-Cost Indikators für Deutschland," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 811, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    3. Reina, Vincent J. & Kontokosta, Constantine, 2017. "Low hanging fruit? Regulations and energy efficiency in subsidized multifamily housing," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 505-513.
    4. Hege Westskog & Tanja Winther & Hanne Sæle, 2015. "The Effects of In-Home Displays—Revisiting the Context," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(5), pages 1-21, May.
    5. Telles Esteves, Gheisa Roberta & Cyrino Oliveira, Fernando Luiz & Antunes, Carlos Henggeler & Souza, Reinaldo Castro, 2016. "An overview of electricity prepayment experiences and the Brazilian new regulatory framework," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 704-722.
    6. Inderberg, Tor Håkon, 2015. "Advanced metering policy development and influence structures: The case of Norway," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 98-105.
    7. Arora, Siddharth & Taylor, James W., 2016. "Forecasting electricity smart meter data using conditional kernel density estimation," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 59(PA), pages 47-59.
    8. Eva Llera-Sastresa & Sabina Scarpellini & Pilar Rivera-Torres & Juan Aranda & Ignacio Zabalza-Bribián & Alfonso Aranda-Usón, 2017. "Energy Vulnerability Composite Index in Social Housing, from a Household Energy Poverty Perspective," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(5), pages 1-20, April.
    9. Fabbri, Kristian, 2015. "Building and fuel poverty, an index to measure fuel poverty: An Italian case study," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 244-258.
    10. Strong, Derek Ryan, 2017. "The Early Diffusion of Smart Meters in the US Electric Power Industry," Thesis Commons 7zprk, Center for Open Science.
    11. Hall, Nina L. & Jeanneret, Talia D. & Rai, Alan, 2016. "Cost-reflective electricity pricing: Consumer preferences and perceptions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 62-72.
    12. Kaufmann, Simon & Künzel, Karoline & Loock, Moritz, 2013. "Customer value of smart metering: Explorative evidence from a choice-based conjoint study in Switzerland," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 229-239.
    13. Antti Silvast & Robin Williams & Sampsa Hyysalo & Kjetil Rommetveit & Charles Raab, 2018. "Who ‘Uses’ Smart Grids? The Evolving Nature of User Representations in Layered Infrastructures," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(10), pages 1-21, October.

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    Fuel poverty; Smart metering; EU energy policy;


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