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Advanced metering policy development and influence structures: The case of Norway


  • Inderberg, Tor Håkon


Responding to a global trend of installing smart meters Norway has taken a route of full governmental and regulatory coordination. The article maps and analyses the main influences on the developments of Norwegian Advanced Metering policy. Based on 12 interviews and extensive document mapping the Norwegian policy developments are traced from about 1990 to 2014, divided into three phases: Before 2000, between 2000 and 2007, and after 2007. It finds that the main influence and push came from an increasingly united industry sector, fronted by the grid utilities with respective interest organizations. Policy change has been boosted by years of constrained supply, creating incentives for political action. Also developments at the EU level have been important for creating attention for smart meters, while consumer groups have been less influential. The national regulator NVE has adapted its policy process to include external expertise, in particular from the grid companies. The findings confirm that influence into policy processes is a matter of financial and organizational resources and expert knowledge. Of particular policy relevance is the weak organization of private consumer interests into these policy streams, which may be important for further policy development for distributed generation and regulation of private generation activities.

Suggested Citation

  • Inderberg, Tor Håkon, 2015. "Advanced metering policy development and influence structures: The case of Norway," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 98-105.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:81:y:2015:i:c:p:98-105
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2015.02.027

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Buchanan, Kathryn & Russo, Riccardo & Anderson, Ben, 2014. "Feeding back about eco-feedback: How do consumers use and respond to energy monitors?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 138-146.
    2. McHenry, Mark P., 2013. "Technical and governance considerations for advanced metering infrastructure/smart meters: Technology, security, uncertainty, costs, benefits, and risks," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 834-842.
    3. Jennings, Mark G., 2013. "A smarter plan? A policy comparison between Great Britain and Ireland's deployment strategies for rolling out new metering technologies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 462-468.
    4. Darby, Sarah J., 2012. "Metering: EU policy and implications for fuel poor households," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 98-106.
    5. Di Castelnuovo, Matteo & Fumagalli, Elena, 2013. "An assessment of the Italian smart gas metering program," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 714-721.
    6. Römer, Benedikt & Reichhart, Philipp & Kranz, Johann & Picot, Arnold, 2012. "The role of smart metering and decentralized electricity storage for smart grids: The importance of positive externalities," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 486-495.
    7. McKenna, Eoghan & Richardson, Ian & Thomson, Murray, 2012. "Smart meter data: Balancing consumer privacy concerns with legitimate applications," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 807-814.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nikolaidis, Alexandros I. & Charalambous, Charalambos A., 2017. "Hidden financial implications of the net energy metering practice in an isolated power system: Critical review and policy insights," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 706-717.


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